Highlands in Monmouth County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Nike Missile Site
Missiles emerged from silos beneath the pavement, and waited on launching racks while radar tracked the skies. During the 1950’s – the Cold War Era – Nike missiles were stationed here to defend the New York-Philadelphia corridor against long-range bombers.
The peninsula of Sandy Hook provided an isolated location for newly-developed forms of radar. Like other batteries in the area these weapons were mounted as deterrent rather than aggressor. The missile base was closed in 1974, and the missile defenses for this area are now hidden in the Midwest.
[ Sidebar: ]
Guiding the Missiles
Radar provides the deadly accuracy of these surface-to-air missiles. Long-range search radar emits radio waves that bounce off an unidentified aircraft and return flight-path information to a control computer, which activates tracking radar to lock on the target. If the target is confirmed to be an enemy, the control computer launches the missile and guides it with a command radio.
Location. 40° 25.986′ N, 73° 59.282′ W. Marker is in Highlands, New Jersey, in Monmouth County. Marker is on Hartshore Drive, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located in the Sandy Hook Unit of Gateway National
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Sandy Hook (approx. half a mile away); Spermaceti Cove Station No. 2 (approx. half a mile away); British Embarkation (approx. one mile away); A Last Tragic Episode of the American Revolution (approx. 1.1 miles away); H.M.S. Assistance Tragedy Memorial (approx. 1.1 miles away); Nike Ajax Explosion Memorial (approx. 1.8 miles away); The Guns of Sandy Hook (approx. 1.8 miles away); The Dead House (approx. 1.9 miles away).
More about this marker. The sidebar includes an illustration of radar tracking airplanes. Two photos of the Sandy Hook Nike Missile Battery are at the bottom left of the marker.
A picture of a missile appears at the right side of the marker, and includes the specifications:
Length: ………. 27 feet
Weight: ………. 5000 pounds
Speed: ………. Supersonic
Range: ………. 75 miles
Altitude: ………. Above 150,000 feet
Also see . . . Fort Hancock. NY Harbor Parks website. (Submitted on April 15, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Man-Made Features • War, Cold •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 15, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,371 times since then and 75 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on April 15, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.