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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Panama City in Bay County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

The Gideon Versus Wainwright Case

 
 
The Gideon Versus Wainwright Case Marker image. Click for full size.
By Paul F, April 27, 2011
1. The Gideon Versus Wainwright Case Marker
West side of two-sided marker.
Inscription. This is the site of the landmark Gideon case, after which the Public Defender system was established in Florida and throughout the nation. In 1961, Clarence Earl Gideon (1910-1972) stood trial in this courthouse for the felony of burglary. Lacking funds to hire a lawyer, Gideon requested that a lawyer be appointed to represent him at trial. Gideonís request was denied, because at that time, a person accused of a non-capital felony did not have a constitutional right to a free lawyer. Gideon represented himself at his trial and was convicted. While serving his five-year prison sentence, Gideon petitioned the United States Supreme Court to review his case. The Supreme Court issued its decision in 1963 in Gideon v. Wainwright, ruling that every poor person charged with a serious crime in this country must be provided a lawyer for his defense at public expense. Panama City attorney, W. Fred Turner (b. 1922) represented Gideon at his retrial and won an acquittal. Built in 1914, this building is one of only a few original courthouses in Florida still being used for its original purpose. A fire in 1920 gutted the building, but it was immediately rebuilt in its Classic Revival architectural style.
 
Erected 2003 by The Historical Society of Bay County and the Florida Department of State. (Marker Number
The Gideon Versus Wainwright Case Marker image. Click for full size.
By Paul F, April 27, 2011
2. The Gideon Versus Wainwright Case Marker
East side of two-sided marker.
F-479.)
 
Location. 30° 9.289′ N, 85° 39.466′ W. Marker is in Panama City, Florida, in Bay County. Marker is on McKenzie Avenue 0.1 miles south of East 4th Street, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 300 E 4th St, Panama City FL 32401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Robert Lee McKenzie's Home and Office (approx. 0.2 miles away); John Christo, Senior (approx. 1.1 miles away); The St. Andrew Bay Saltworks (approx. 1.6 miles away); St. Andrew Skirmish (approx. 1.9 miles away); The Old Sentry (approx. 2.7 miles away); Salt Kettle (approx. 2.7 miles away); St. Andrew(s) School (approx. 3 miles away); Site of Loftin's Ferry (approx. 3.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Panama City.
 
Also see . . .  Gideon v. Wainwright (No. 155) Reversed and cause remanded. Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School (Submitted on May 5, 2011, by Paul Fehrenbach of Germantown, Wisconsin.) 
 
Categories. Civil Rights
 
The Gideon Versus Wainwright Case Marker image. Click for full size.
By Paul F, April 27, 2011
3. The Gideon Versus Wainwright Case Marker
From across the street. Marker is behind the silver car.
Bay County Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Paul F, April 27, 2011
4. Bay County Courthouse
Bay County Courthouse (<b><i>detail</b></i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 16, 2014
5. Bay County Courthouse (detail)
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, May 16, 2014
6. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial
Located on south side of courthouse
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 23, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 2, 2011, by Paul Fehrenbach of Germantown, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 1,387 times since then and 122 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 2, 2011, by Paul Fehrenbach of Germantown, Wisconsin.   5, 6. submitted on March 7, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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