Vandalia in Fayette County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
First Protest Against Slavery
At the beginning of Lincoln's second term as a state representative, several southern legislatures were concerned that the Federal Government would abolish slavery in the District of Columbia. Most of the members of the Illinois Legislature shared this concern. Many Illinois residents in the early 1800's - or their ancestors - came to Illinois from the slave states of Kentucky and Tennessee. In January 1837 the Illinois Legislature adopted a resolution that condemned abolition societies. It resolved that the right of property in slaves was sacred to the slave-holding states according to the Federal Constitution, and that they could not be deprived of that right without their consent.
It further resolved that the General Government could not abolish slavery in the District of Columbia without the consent of the citizens. And, finally, it resolved that the Governor be requested to transmit a copy of the resolution to the States of Virginia, Mississippi, Alabama, New York, and Connecticut.
If there was any issue that defined the life of Abraham Lincoln, it was the divisive issue of slavery. His response to the war and the abolition of slavery would elevate him to his status as one of the greatest leaders of this country and the world. His first official public stand on the issue of slavery took place on
Dan Stone and Abraham Lincoln entered the above protest in the record on March 3, 1837. This document marks Lincoln's first formal protest against slavery. While this protest might seem lukewarm, it would have appeared quite controversial at the time. Being anti-slavery in Illinois was not popular, even though Illinois was technically a free state. On November 7, 1837, Elijah Lovejoy would be killed by a pro-slavery mob in Alton because of his anti-slavery views.
Erected 2008 by Looking For Lincoln Heritage Coalition.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Looking for Lincoln marker series.
Location. 38° 57.662′ N, 89° 5.67′ W. Marker is in Vandalia, Illinois, in Fayette County. Marker is on 4th Street near Touch for map. Marker is on the west lawn of the Old State Capitol. Marker is in this post office area: Vandalia IL 62471, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cumberland Road (a few steps from this marker); Madonna of the Trail (a few steps from this marker); Second State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker); First Elective Office (within shouting distance of this marker); Where Did Lincoln Stay? (within shouting distance of this marker); Lincoln and the "Long Nine" (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Charters Hotel (within shouting distance of this marker); Third State Capitol (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vandalia.
Also see . . .
1. Looking For Lincoln Story Trail. (Submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Lincoln's Protest Against Slavery. (Submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Politics • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,090 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 15, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.