“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Bland in Bland County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

One of the “Big Four”

One of the “Big Four” Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 30, 2011
1. One of the “Big Four” Marker
Inscription. Here is the home of S. H. Newberry, who, with three others, composed the “Big Four” in the Virginia Senate. These four men united to defeat objectionable measures of the Readjuster Movement.
Erected 1937 by Conservation & Development Commission. (Marker Number KC-3.)
Location. 37° 3.048′ N, 81° 11.295′ W. Marker is near Bland, Virginia, in Bland County. Marker is on Stony Fork Road (U.S. 52) near West Blue Grass Trail (Virginia Route 42), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Bland VA 24315, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Toland’s Raid (approx. 2.2 miles away); Wythe County / Bland County (approx. 2.2 miles away); Battle of Wytheville (approx. 2.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Wytheville (approx. 2.8 miles away); Homesteader's Legacy (approx. 3.4 miles away); Bland (approx. 5 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Wytheville (approx. 5.9 miles away); Crockett’s Cove (approx. 7 miles away).
Regarding One of the “Big Four”. The Big Four were post Civil War state senators A. M. Lybrook,
One of the “Big Four” Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 30, 2011
2. One of the “Big Four” Marker
P. G. Hale, S. H. Newberry, B. F. William. While these four do not appear to have caused the dissolution of the Readjuster Party, they early on disrupted the party’s legislative agenda. The Readjuster Party disappeared into the Republican Party after 1883 and Virginia’s Democratic Party returned to power. The Democratic-controlled legislature passed constitutional changes and legislation that effectively disfranchised all blacks and some poor whites and created ‘Jim Crow’ legalized segregation.

In 1931 a portrait of the Big Four and John Massey, unsucessful Readjuster Party candidate for Governor, was unveiled in the old Senate Chamber at the Capitol in Richmond.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. These are other “Big Four” and Readjuster Movement markers.
Also see . . .
1. Readjuster Party – Wikipedia Entry. The Readjuster Party was a political coalition formed in Virginia in the late 1870s during the turbulent period following the American Civil War. Readjusters aspired "to break the power of wealth and established privilege" and to promote public education, a program which attracted biracial support. ... The Readjuster Party promised to “readjust” the state debt, repeal the poll tax (which had suppressed voting by
Home of S. H. Newberry image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 30, 2011
3. Home of S. H. Newberry
blacks and poor whites) and increase funding for schools and other public facilities. (Submitted on June 5, 2011.) 

2. The Readjuster Movement in Virginia. 1917 book by Charles Chilton Pearson, Professor of Political Science in Wake Forest College. “[Party leader General William Mahone] quietly obtained from the candidates for the legislature a written ‘pledge,’ ‘under seal,’ to ‘stand by the Readjuster party’ and to go into the [1879] party caucus and abide by its results. After the elections, in a preliminary conference of leaders selected by himself, the work of the legislature was mapped out; and, when the legislature assembled, this program was gradually unfolded for adoption in the caucus under rules of procedure which its members were bluffed into accepting, and which, some of them asserted, they were not allowed even to read. The revolt followed of the ‘Big Four,’ as four members of the caucus who had not given the pledge came to be called, and as a result of this revolt most of the measures objectionable to even a few Readjuster legislators failed of passage. But the ‘Big Four’ and their backers were quickly ‘read out of the party’.” (Submitted on June 5, 2011.) 
Categories. Politics
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 5, 2011, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 675 times since then and 54 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 5, 2011, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.
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