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Indianola in Calhoun County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Indianola

 
 
Indianola Marker image. Click for full size.
By Gregory Walker, October 18, 2012
1. Indianola Marker
Inscription. Many currents of the mainstream of Texas history flow in this onetime port. Pineda explored the coast in 1519 and La Salle planted a settlement near here in 1685. Once an Indian trading point, it was a major seaport from 1844 to 1875. Texas colonists, including Germans led by Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels, entered through Indianola. Forty-niners, supplies for frontier forts, and experimental Army camels were landed here.

During the Civil War Indianola and Fort Esperanza, which controlled the gateway to Indianola through Pass Cavallo, were objectives of Federal blockading vessels. Pass Cavallo, ten miles south, was one of several entrances to the inside waterway created by Matagorda Peninsula and the offshore islands extending to the Rio Grande. To deny Confederate use of this waterway for commerce through Mexico the Federals had to seize control of these entrances.

Before Confederate defenses at Fort Esperanza were completed, two Federal steamers slipped through Pass Cavallo to Indianola and on October 31, 1862 demanded the surrender of Lavaca (now Port Lavaca) to the northwest. The Confederate command refused, stood off the naval guns with land batteries, and forced the withdrawal of the Federal ships.

Federal forces attacked Fort Esperanza November 22, 1863. The Confederates withstood the assault of naval
Indianola Marker image. Click for full size.
By Zacharias Beau T, March 6, 2011
2. Indianola Marker
A a terrible cholera outbreak was the first morbid era in Indianola. The yankee bombardment and occupation added to stresses of the town's heritage. And when post-war Federal occupation finally ended in 1875 the devastating hurricane that year killed more than three-hundred. Dozens more lives were lost eleven years later in another storm. Within forty-years of Indianola history it seemed like three of the four horsemen of the apocalypse, had turned it to a ghost town.
and land forces for six days then spiked their guns, destroyed their magazines, and withdrew to the mainland. Indianola then fell December 23. On Christmas Eve, Federal and Confederate forces clashed at Norris Bridge, eight miles north. Two days later Lavaca was occupied and the entire Matagorda-Lavaca Bay area remained in Federal control until the war's end.

Indianola was partially destroyed by a hurricane in 1875 and completely destroyed by another in 1886.

A memorial to Texans who served the Confederacy.
 
Erected 1963 by State of Texas. (Marker Number 2642.)
 
Location. 28° 31.668′ N, 96° 30.556′ W. Marker is in Indianola, Texas, in Calhoun County. Marker is on State Highway 316 half a mile south of County Route 2760, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. The monument/historical marker is located on the beach side of State 316. Behind the marker is the prominent granite memorial to Acadian explorer and settler Robert de LaSalle. On the Powderhorn Lake side of 316 opposite the monuments is a picnic pull out. State 316 ends into residential roads less than a mile past. Marker is in this post office area: Port Lavaca TX 77979, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured
Indianola Marker with LaSalle statue beyond it. image. Click for full size.
By Gregory Walker, October 18, 2012
3. Indianola Marker with LaSalle statue beyond it.
as the crow flies. Rene Robert Cavelier Sieur de la Salle (within shouting distance of this marker); Mrs. Angelina Bell Peyton Eberly (approx. 0.6 miles away); Port Lavaca (approx. 10 miles away); Halfmoon Reef Lighthouse (approx. 10 miles away); Site of the Town of Linnville (approx. 12 miles away).
 
Regarding Indianola. Indianola was once incorporated. The victim of countless strong Gulf hurricanes the majority of the old sites of Indianola are under the surface of Matagorda Bay. An unincorporated community of seasonal homes and some locals remain.
 
Additional keywords. CSA, Matagorda Island, David T. Shea, Colonel William R. Bradfute
 
Categories. DisastersSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
 
Matagorda Bay image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney
4. Matagorda Bay
View from near marker looking NW along shore of Matagorda Bay
Matagorda Bay image. Click for full size.
By Richard Denney
5. Matagorda Bay
View from near marker looking SE along shore of Matagorda Bay
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 24, 2011, by Zacharias Beau T of Alpine, Texas. This page has been viewed 798 times since then and 71 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on November 22, 2012, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas.   2. submitted on June 24, 2011, by Zacharias Beau T of Alpine, Texas.   3. submitted on November 22, 2012, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas.   4, 5. submitted on July 5, 2014, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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