Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Gloucester Courthouse in Gloucester County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Gloucester in the Civil War

Target of a Raid

 
 
Gloucester in the Civil War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 8, 2011
1. Gloucester in the Civil War Marker
Inscription. Confederate authorities frequently stored arms and supplies in civilian warehouses, commercial buildings, and depots. County seats, with their commodious courthouses, jails, and offices, also were used, and Federal authorities routinely raided these places.

"I went into the Court House. The window sashes and frames, doors and shutters, tables and stoves, and witness boxes were all immediately battered to pieces by an excited and frantic crowd [of soldiers]. ... Several employed in dragging the refuse to the fire place where a fire had already been build from the debris. ... [The hotel] was deserted and the boys took everything of value as lamps, etc. ... [A]ll the stores were broken open, and ... not less than five were on fire including the Court House but were put out." - Lt. Samuel Rodmand Smith, 4th Delaware Infantry, Apr. 11, 1863. Smith received the Medal of Honor for leadership under fire near Petersburg in Feb. 1865.

On April 7, 1863, a detachment of the 4th Delaware Infantry, three companies of the 169th Pennsylvania Drafted Militia, and detachments from the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry and the 6th New York Cavalry occupied Gloucester Court House for two hours. The force, under the 4th Delaware's Col. Arthur H. Grimshaw, had marched from Camp Gilpin at Gloucester Point, 16 miles southeast, to destroy grain,
Photos on the Left Side image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 8, 2011
2. Photos on the Left Side
A portrait of James D. Gardner and a photo of the Confederate monument, courthouse, and hotel, ca. 1900.
intercept Confederate mail, and forage for supplies. Grimshaw commented "the good conduct of the men," but the courthouse and other buildings were looted and damaged. According to local tradition, the jail may have been used as an armory during the war, but Grimshaw did not report finding weapons here. He and his men marched back to Gloucester Point the same day, taking "16 fine horses, 20 mules, 110 cattle... 80 sheep, 41 lambs, 6 yoke oxen, 3 wagons [and] turkeys, geese, ducks, [and] chickens."

Gloucester survived its brush with war, and the buildings were repaired. In 1889, the Confederate monument was erected in the square. A memorial to county native Pvt. James D. Gardner, 36th U.S. Colored Troops, who received the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm in 1864, was placed here in 2005.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 24.889′ N, 76° 31.763′ W. Marker is in Gloucester Courthouse, Virginia, in Gloucester County. Marker can be reached from Main Street (Business U.S. 17), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Located in the courthouse square. Marker is in this post office area: Gloucester VA 23061, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Lower Center Photo image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 8, 2011
3. Lower Center Photo
Page-Puller Camp, United Confederate Veterans, in front of Confederate monument, 1893. Courtesy Alice Roberta Wiatt.
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Court House (here, next to this marker); In Memoriam John Clayton (here, next to this marker); Pvt. James Daniel Gardner (a few steps from this marker); To the Confederate Dead of Gloucester (a few steps from this marker); Werowocomoco (within shouting distance of this marker); The Birdsall Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Thomas Calhoun Walker (approx. 0.4 miles away); Cappahosic (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gloucester Courthouse.
 
Additional keywords. U.S.C.T.
 
Categories. African AmericansWar, US Civil
 
Marker in Front of Old Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 8, 2011
4. Marker in Front of Old Courthouse
Confederate Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 8, 2011
5. Confederate Memorial
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 9, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 702 times since then and 73 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 9, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
Paid Advertisement