Near Culpeper in Culpeper County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Cedar Mountain
The Awkward Position of the 21st Virginia
In only a moment, the fortunes of the 21st Virginia were reversed. While Auger's men retreated, Federal troops under Gen. Samuel Crawford exploited a gap in the Confederate line. As his men drove back the troops to the left-front of where you are standing, their advance allowed them to fired into the backs of the men in the 21st Virginia. The 21st Virginia was swept from the field and Jackson's battle line was in peril.
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Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust
Friends of Fredericksburg Area Battlefields.
Location. 38° 24.369′ N, 78° 4.014′ W. Marker is near Culpeper, Virginia, in Culpeper County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of General Winder Road (County Route 657) and James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located at the second trail stop for the Civil War Preservation Trust's Cedar Mountain Battlefield walking trail. Marker is in this post office area: Culpeper VA 22701, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (about 600 feet away); Cedar Mountain The Battle of Cedar Mountain (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named The Battle of Cedar Mountain (about 600 feet away); Hand-to-Hand Fighting (about 700 feet away); a different marker also named Battle of Cedar Mountain (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Culpeper.
More about this marker. The background of the marker is a drawing depicting "Union troops under General Crawford overrun the Confederate left on the edge of the wheatfield." A map in the upper right shows the tactical situation on August 9, 1862 between 5:45 and 6:15 p.m. "As Union troops under Prince and Geary attacked Confederates along Crittenden Lane, the 21st Virginia found itself in a unique position of being able to fire into their flank. Crawford's attack through the wheatfield would change all of that."
Regarding The Battle of Cedar Mountain. Since posting of this marker, the Friends of the Fredericksburg Area Battlefields web site has moved to www.parksonline.org/fofab/index.htm.
This is one of several markers interpreting the
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Cedar Mountain. National Park Service summary of the battle and driving tour. The marker is at the first tour stop. (Submitted on December 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. History of F Company, 21st Virginia. One of the notable members of the company was John Worsham who wrote One of Jackson's Foot Cavalry, considered one of the classic soldier's accounts of the Civil War. Company F, which began the war with well over 100 men had been reduced to eighteen by the time of the Battle of Cedar Mountain. Of those, six were killed and six wounded during the fighting on August 9, 1862. (Submitted on January 1, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Battle of Cedar Mountain Virtual Tour by Markers. A set markers that document the Battle of Cedar Mountain, August 9, 1862. (Submitted on January 1, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
1. Garnett's Brigade
The brigade to which the 21st Virginia belonged was the 2nd Brigade of Jackson's Division. The division gained the name "Stonewall Division" after service in the Valley Campaign under the
Col. T. S. Garnett commanding the brigade here was not the more famous Richard B. Garnett (whom had commanded another brigade in the division until a dispute with General Jackson after the Battle of Kernstown precipitated his resignation). Col. T. S. Garnett would be killed in action nearly two years later at the Battle of the Wilderness.
The brigade consisted of the 21st, 42nd, and 48th Virginia Infantry Regiments. In addition the 1st Virginia Infantry Battalion, a separate, un-regimented organization comprised of ethnic Irish and Scotch-Irish, served in the brigade.
— Submitted January 1, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,943 times since then and 89 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on December 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2. submitted on March 30, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 3, 4. submitted on December 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 5, 6. submitted on January 1, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.