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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Albuquerque in Bernalillo County, New Mexico — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Mountain Howitzers

 
 
Mountain Howitzers Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, July 22, 2011
1. Mountain Howitzers Marker
Inscription. Cast in the foundry of Cyrus Alger & Company of Boston, Massachusetts, and originally designed to be mule-pack artillery, the Model of 1835 12-Pounder Mountain Howitzer was the smallest U.S. cannon of the period and could fire a 12-pound exploding shell to a distance of 1000 yards. It was a light field piece of great mobility and intended for use in all kinds of rough terrain.

In early April 1862, Civil War Confederate forces that had invaded New Mexico Territory began their retreat back to Texas following defeat at Glorieta Pass, east of Santa Fe, two weeks earlier. Confederate artillery commander Major Trevanion T. Teel buried eight cannon barrels near this Plaza to prevent their capture by pursuing Union Forces.

Twenty-seven years later, Major Teel returned to Albuquerque to how local citizens where the cannon barrels were buried. On August 19, 1889, all eight barrels were excavated from a chili pepper patch, formerly a corral, some 500 feet northeast of San Felipe de Neri Church, near the present day Albuquerque Museum of Art and History. Two of the barrels have remained in Albuquerque.

Local residents made new carriages for the two remaining cannon barrels and displayed them on the Plaza for many years. Because of the great value of the original barrels, replicas were later made and replaced the originals
Mountain Howitzers Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, July 22, 2011
2. Mountain Howitzers Marker
Donors List
on the Plaza. These replica barrels are mounted on "Prairie" style gun carriages—most likely the configuration used by Confederate forces in New Mexico.. It is sometimes said that these two mountain howitzers "guard" the Old Town Plaza. They represent a proud and important era in Albuquerque history.

The original mountain howitzer barrels and other artifacts from the New Mexico Campaign of the Civil War are on display at the Albuquerque Museum of Art and History, two blocks northeast of the Plaza.

The City of Albuquerque and the donors listed on the opposite side of this marker completed a howitzer restoration and interpretation project in 2007.
 
Erected by City of Albuquerque New Mexico.
 
Location. 35° 5.769′ N, 106° 40.18′ W. Marker is in Albuquerque, New Mexico, in Bernalillo County. Marker can be reached from North Plaza Street NW. Touch for map. Marker is on the east side of "Old Town Plaza". Marker is in this post office area: Albuquerque NM 87104, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Soldiers (a few steps from this marker); Albuquerque (a few steps from this marker); In This Plaza Were Enacted (a few steps from this
Mountain Howitzers Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, July 22, 2011
3. Mountain Howitzers Marker
marker); Skirmish of Albuquerque (within shouting distance of this marker); Casa de Armijo (within shouting distance of this marker); San Felipe De Neri (within shouting distance of this marker); San Felipe de Alburquerque (within shouting distance of this marker); Old Town History (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Albuquerque.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Mountain Howitzers image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, July 22, 2011
4. Mountain Howitzers
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 30, 2011, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 913 times since then and 93 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 30, 2011, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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