“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Perryville in Boyle County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)

Battle of Perryville

October 8, 1862

Battle of Perryville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, August 18, 2011
1. Battle of Perryville Marker
Inscription. (left panel)
The battle was brought on by Confederate Lieut. Gen. Braxton Bragg as a delaying action to insure safe withdrawal of a huge wagon train of supplies and to enable him to effect a junction with the army of Maj. Gen. E. Kirby Smith in the vicinity of Versailles.

In overall command of the Union Army (Army of the Ohio) was Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, with Maj. General George H. Thomas second in command. Buell had three corps. First: Maj. Gen. Alexander McDowell McCook. Second: Maj. Gen. Thomas L. Crittenden. Third: Maj. Gen. Charles C. Gilbert.

In overall command of the Confederate Army (Army of the Mississippi) was Gen. Bragg, with Maj. Gen. Leonidas Polk commander of the Right Wing and Maj. Gen. William J. Hardee of the Left Wing. Bragg had three divisions: Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham’s; Brig. Gen. J. Patton Anderson’s; and Maj. Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner’s.

The main action began at 2:00 p.m. with a fierce charge by Brig. Gen. John A. Wharton’s cavalry, on the extreme Confederate right, followed immediately by a rapid advance of Cheatham’s entire line. Simultaneously, Buckner’s and Anderson’s moved forward, amid heavy cannonading from numerous batteries on both sides.

Cheatham’s charge caught a large number of McCook’s men (many fresh enlistees) unaware and off guard,
Battle of Perryville Map image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, August 18, 2011
2. Battle of Perryville Map
far in advance of their lines, seeking water in the vicinity of Doctor’s Creek. Both Cheatham’s and Buckner’s divisions drove McCook’s men back to their former ill-formed positions and, after heavy, often desperate, hand-to-hand fighting, dislodged his entire corps, pushing him back a distance of approximately a mile west of the Creek. On the Confederate left, however, Anderson was unable to dislodge the division of Brig. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, timely enforced by Brig. Gen. Albin Schoepf’s division.

(center panel)
1. Brig. Gen. James S. Jackson killed
2. Lieut. Charles C. Parson's battery
3. Capt. Cyrus O. Loomis' battery
4. Capt. Asahel K. Bush's battery
5. Brig. Gen. William R. Terrill killed
6. Dorsey House, Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell's hdqrs.
7. Capt. Oscar F. Pinney's battery
8. Lieut. Richard L. Dawley's battery (of Capt. William A. Hotchkiss)
9. Capt. H. C. Semple's battery
10. Capt. C. H. Slocum's Washington Artillery
11. Capt. Henry Hescock's battery
12. Capt. Charles M. Barnett's battery
13. Capt. W. W. Carnes' battery
14. Capt. P. Darden's battery
15. Last Union fight of the day under Col. Micahel Gooding
16. Crawford House, Bragg's hdqrs.

(right panel)
Late afternoon, Anderson’s advancing left was struck by a determined charge of Col. William P.
Battle of Perryville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, August 18, 2011
3. Battle of Perryville Marker
Carlin’s brigade (R. B. Mitchell’s division, Gilbert’s Corps) between the Springfield and Lebanon roads, the charge carrying through Perryville and out on the Danville and Harrodsburg roads. Toward dusk, desperate staying actions by brigades of Col. John C. Starkweather (Rousseau’s division) and Col. Michael Gooding (Mitchell’s division) enabled McCook to stabilize his battered corps along a line immediately beyond the Russell house and Benton road. In his favor too were the coming of darkness and near exhaustion of the Confederates.

General Buell, headquarters at the Dorsey house on Springfield road, was not aware that the battle was in progress until 4:00 p.m., too late to have Crittenden’s corps, along Lebanon road, pivot around in an attempt to envelop the enemy forces.

After nightfall, Bragg finally realized that his small force faced practically Buell’s entire army. This knowledge caused him to order withdrawal at midnight toward Harrodsburg. On the whole, the Confederate troops were better handled and used than those of the Union. The battle ended as a tactical victory for Bragg; a strategic victory for Buell, who held the field.

The Confederate commander employed only 16,000 men and sustained 3,396 casualties; 510 killed, 2,635 wounded, and 251 missing. Buell used between 22,000 and 28,000; sustained 4,421 casualties; 845 killed, 2,851 wounded
Perryville Battlefield (2 miles north of marker) image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, August 18, 2011
4. Perryville Battlefield (2 miles north of marker)
and 515 captured or missing. The battle was one of the fiercest and bloodiest of modern times.

Had Buell and Bragg been better informed and more aggressive, the battle of Perryville might have been the decisive engagement of the Civil War in the West. After this battle, the Confederates never returned to Kentucky in great force; the state remained firmly in the Union.
Erected 1962 by Kentucky Historical Society and Kentucky Department of Highways. (Marker Number 553.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kentucky Historical Society marker series.
Location. 37° 39.017′ N, 84° 57.194′ W. Marker is in Perryville, Kentucky, in Boyle County. Marker is at the intersection of South Jackson Street and West 2nd Street (U.S. 150), on the right when traveling south on South Jackson Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Perryville KY 40468, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Merchants' Row / Street Fighting (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Perryville (about 600 feet away); Bragg's Invasion of Kentucky (about 600 feet away); The City of Perryville (about 600 feet away); “If You Meet the Enemy, Overpower Him” (about 600 feet away); Perryville (about 600 feet away); Perryville in the Crucible of War (about 600 feet away); First Settlement of Perryville (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Perryville.
Also see . . .
1. Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site. Kentucky State Parks (Submitted on August 19, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Perryville. Civil War Trust (Submitted on August 19, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

3. Perryville. CWSAC Battle Summary (Submitted on August 19, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 19, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,086 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 19, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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