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Perryville in Boyle County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

Assault from the Bottom House

Perryville

 

—The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862 —

 
Assault from the Bottom House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, August 18, 2011
1. Assault from the Bottom House Marker
Inscription. They were outnumbered, but they were ready. Watching from the top of the hill across the road, members of the 3rd Ohio Infantry Regiment saw waves of attacking Confederate infantry moving toward them. These Federal soldiers, anchoring the southern end of the Union defensive line, knew that they had to hold their position.

With a cheer, a Confederate brigade led by Brigadier General Bushrod Johnson charged the hill. The obstinate Union defenders halted the Confederate advance halfway up the slope, where the Confederates took shelter behind a stone wall. For more than an hour they battled, until the Confederates ran out of ammunition and withdrew.

The fight was not over for the stubborn Union troops. As Johnson departed, another Confederate brigade, led by Brigadier General Patrick Cleburne, entered the fray. With Southern artillery pounding the top of the hill, Cleburne's men attacked.

While the Union soldiers held, a Confederate artillery shell struck a hay-filled barn at the end of the Federal line. Within minutes, red and yellow flames shot out from the doors, windows, and rafters as a column of dark smoke coiled skyward. The fire gained in intensity, and several wounded Federal soldiers who had crawled into the barn perished in the flames.

As the smoke drifted down the Union position, another
Assault from the Bottom House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, March 31, 2012
2. Assault from the Bottom House Marker
Confederate brigade led by Brigadier General Daniel Adams struck the right end of the Union Line. The intensity of the Confederate attack, combined with the heat and fire of the burning barn, forced the outnumbered Union soldiers back. The Confederates were hot on their heels.

“…it seemed as if all hell had broken loose; the air was filled with hissing balls; shells were exploding continuously, and the noise of the guns was deafening…”
—Union Colonel John Beatty, 3rd Ohio Infantry

“we held our position for two hours or more after Loomis was retired, and finally, being without our battery and exposed to a severe fire of artillery as well as that of an infantry force greatly superior in number, the brigade fell back in good order and reformed, as I am informed, in the neighborhood of the original line selected in the morning near Russell’s house.”
—Union Colonel William H. Lytle, Commanding 17th Brigade
 
Erected by Cincinnati Civil War Roundtable.
 
Location. 37° 39.974′ N, 84° 58.285′ W. Marker is in Perryville, Kentucky, in Boyle County. Marker can be reached from Park Road west of Battlefield Road (Kentucky Route 1920). Touch for map. Located in Perryville Battlefield
Assault from the Bottom House Marker Map image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, March 31, 2012
3. Assault from the Bottom House Marker Map
State Historic Site. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1825 Battlefield Road, Perryville KY 40468, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The 15th Kentucky Infantry (US) (a few steps from this marker); Michigan at Perryville (within shouting distance of this marker); Artillery Duel at Loomis Heights (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Baptism of Fire (about 400 feet away); The H. P. Bottom House (about 400 feet away); Bottom House (about 600 feet away); Simonson’s Battery (about 700 feet away); Defense of Loomis’ Heights (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Perryville.
 
More about this marker. On the upper right is a photograph of “Colonel William H. Lytle”
 
Also see . . .
1. Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site. Kentucky Department of Parks (Submitted on August 25, 2011.) 

2. Perryville. Civil War Trust (Submitted on August 25, 2011.) 

3. Perryville. CWSAC Battle Summary (Submitted on August 25, 2011.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Assault from the Bottom House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, August 18, 2011
4. Assault from the Bottom House Marker
Assault from the Bottom House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, March 31, 2012
5. Assault from the Bottom House Marker
Marker on right. Bottom House in distance.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 604 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   2, 3. submitted on September 14, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   4. submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   5. submitted on September 14, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.
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