Perryville in Boyle County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
Assault from the Bottom House
—The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862 —
With a cheer, a Confederate brigade led by Brigadier General Bushrod Johnson charged the hill. The obstinate Union defenders halted the Confederate advance halfway up the slope, where the Confederates took shelter behind a stone wall. For more than an hour they battled, until the Confederates ran out of ammunition and withdrew.
The fight was not over for the stubborn Union troops. As Johnson departed, another Confederate brigade, led by Brigadier General Patrick Cleburne, entered the fray. With Southern artillery pounding the top of the hill, Cleburne's men attacked.
While the Union soldiers held, a Confederate artillery shell struck a hay-filled barn at the end of the Federal line. Within minutes, red and yellow flames shot out from the doors, windows, and rafters as a column of dark smoke coiled skyward. The fire gained in intensity, and several wounded Federal soldiers who had crawled into the barn perished in the flames.
As the smoke drifted down the Union position, another
“…it seemed as if all hell had broken loose; the air was filled with hissing balls; shells were exploding continuously, and the noise of the guns was deafening…”
—Union Colonel John Beatty, 3rd Ohio Infantry
“we held our position for two hours or more after Loomis was retired, and finally, being without our battery and exposed to a severe fire of artillery as well as that of an infantry force greatly superior in number, the brigade fell back in good order and reformed, as I am informed, in the neighborhood of the original line selected in the morning near Russell’s house.”
—Union Colonel William H. Lytle, Commanding 17th Brigade
Erected by Cincinnati Civil War Roundtable.
Location. 37° 39.974′ N, 84° 58.285′ W. Marker is in Perryville, Kentucky, in Boyle County. Marker can be reached from Park Road west of Battlefield Road (Kentucky Route 1920). Touch for map. Located in Perryville Battlefield
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The 15th Kentucky Infantry (US) (a few steps from this marker); Michigan at Perryville (within shouting distance of this marker); Artillery Duel at Loomis Heights (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Baptism of Fire (about 400 feet away); The H. P. Bottom House (about 400 feet away); Bottom House (about 600 feet away); Simonson’s Battery (about 700 feet away); Defense of Loomis’ Heights (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Perryville.
More about this marker. On the upper right is a photograph of “Colonel William H. Lytle”
Also see . . .
1. Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site. Kentucky Department of Parks (Submitted on August 25, 2011.)
2. Perryville. Civil War Trust (Submitted on August 25, 2011.)
3. Perryville. CWSAC Battle Summary (Submitted on August 25, 2011.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 614 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 2, 3. submitted on September 14, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 4. submitted on August 25, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 5. submitted on September 14, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.