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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Jacksonville in Duval County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Fort de la Caroline

Fort Caroline National Monument

 

—Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve —

 
Fort de la Caroline Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 31, 2011
1. Fort de la Caroline Marker
Inscription. "[The Spaniards] made a horrible, tragic slaughter of our forces, so great was the anger and hatred they had for our nation. They vied with one another to see who could best cut the throats of our people..."
1565 la Caroline carpenter Nicolas le Chaileux

Jean Ribault arrived at la Caroline on August 28, 1565, with reinforcements for the failing colony. On Ribault's heels stood a Spanish flotilla bent on ejecting the French. Escaping near-capture, Ribault sailed south to destroy the Spanish. A violent storm wrecked his fleet.

Assuming that la Caroline was now vulnerable, Spanish commander Pedro Menéndez ordered an overland assault; a French traitor led 500 Spaniards through jungle and swamp to capture the poorly guarded French colony. The Spaniards killed 143 French colonists, but spared 70 women and children. Laudonnière, le Moyne, and 40-50 others escaped into the woods and eventually back to France. Only one Spaniard died.

Seeking revenge, a French force led by Dominique de Gourgues returned to Fort de la Caroline (now called San Mateo) in April 1568. With Timucuan help the French surprised the Spaniards and captured the fort, Gourgues sailed home and the Spanish reoccupied the fort until 1569.
 
Erected by National Park Service - U.S.
Fort de la Caroline Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 31, 2011
2. Fort de la Caroline Marker
Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 30° 23.212′ N, 81° 30.024′ W. Marker is in Jacksonville, Florida, in Duval County. Marker can be reached from Ft. Caroline Road, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Located on the tour trail from the visitor center in Fort Caroline National Monument. Marker is in this post office area: Jacksonville FL 32225, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Building of la Caroline (within shouting distance of this marker); Timucuan Friends (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); The River of May (approx. 0.2 miles away); Spanish Pond (approx. 0.3 miles away); Staking a Claim (approx. 0.6 miles away); Ribault Monument (approx. 0.7 miles away); New France (approx. 0.7 miles away); Timucuan Preserve (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jacksonville.
 
Also see . . .  Fort Caroline History. (Submitted on August 27, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, Castles
 
Reproduction Cannon at Fort Caroline image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 31, 2011
3. Reproduction Cannon at Fort Caroline
Firing Platform and Flank Defenses image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 31, 2011
4. Firing Platform and Flank Defenses
Diagrams of the fort indicate the French built three bastions and provided elevated platforms to provide flank defenses for the fort's walls. Similar works are incorporated into the reconstructed fort.
River Side Wall image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 31, 2011
5. River Side Wall
Diagrams show the river side of the fort used a high wooden wall built of planks.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 27, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 756 times since then and 68 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 27, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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