Jacksonville in Duval County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
Fort de la Caroline
Fort Caroline National Monument
—Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve —
1565 la Caroline carpenter Nicolas le Chaileux
Jean Ribault arrived at la Caroline on August 28, 1565, with reinforcements for the failing colony. On Ribault's heels stood a Spanish flotilla bent on ejecting the French. Escaping near-capture, Ribault sailed south to destroy the Spanish. A violent storm wrecked his fleet.
Assuming that la Caroline was now vulnerable, Spanish commander Pedro Menéndez ordered an overland assault; a French traitor led 500 Spaniards through jungle and swamp to capture the poorly guarded French colony. The Spaniards killed 143 French colonists, but spared 70 women and children. Laudonnière, le Moyne, and 40-50 others escaped into the woods and eventually back to France. Only one Spaniard died.
Seeking revenge, a French force led by Dominique de Gourgues returned to Fort de la Caroline (now called San Mateo) in April 1568. With Timucuan help the French surprised the Spaniards and captured the fort, Gourgues sailed home and the Spanish reoccupied the fort until 1569.
Erected by National Park Service - U.S.
Location. 30° 23.212′ N, 81° 30.024′ W. Marker is in Jacksonville, Florida, in Duval County. Marker can be reached from Ft. Caroline Road, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Located on the tour trail from the visitor center in Fort Caroline National Monument. Marker is in this post office area: Jacksonville FL 32225, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Building of la Caroline (within shouting distance of this marker); Timucuan Friends (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); The River of May (approx. 0.2 miles away); Spanish Pond (approx. 0.3 miles away); Staking a Claim (approx. 0.6 miles away); Ribault Monument (approx. 0.7 miles away); New France (approx. 0.7 miles away); Timucuan Preserve (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jacksonville.
Also see . . . Fort Caroline History. (Submitted on August 27, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Forts, Castles •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 27, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 756 times since then and 68 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 27, 2011, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.