Near Richmond in Madison County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
Here, Confederate Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith led his newly organized Confederate Army of Kentucky in an effort to force the Union Army out of the region and thereby open an avenue to the north. As the battle became more involved, a concentrated assault by Col. Thomas McCray's brigade - part of Brig. Gen. Thomas Churchill's division and made up primarily of Texas dismounted cavalry regiments - struck the vulnerable right flank of Federal Brig. Gen. Mahlon D. Manson's line of battle. This attack from a hidden ravine, now known as Churchill's Draw, forced the entire Federal line to collapse and a confused Federal retreat northward ensued. This action was just the beginning of a series of consecutive victories for Confederate forces that day.
These Texas dismounted cavalry regiments and Douglas's 1st Texas Artillery played pivotal roles in vicious fighting at Duncannon Road and in the Richmond Cemetery later in the day. These engagements produced one of the Confederacy's most resounding victories, and these Texas units played decisive roles in achieving one of the most overwhelming defeats of Federal forces during the entire war. -
Erected by the State of Texas 2009 -
Texas units engaged in the Battle of Richmond, KY -
Col. Thomas H. McCray's Brigade -
10th Texas Dismounted Cavalry Regiment
11th Texas Dismounted Cavalry Regiment
14th Texas Dismounted Cavalry Regiment
32nd (15th) Texas Dismounted Cavalry Regiment
1st Texas Artillery
Capt. James P. Douglas's Battery -
Although Texas units did not actively participate in the limited fighting on August 29th Douglas's 1st Texas Artillery fired the first Confederate artillery shots on the 30th answering the Federal cannons placed near the Mt. Zion Church and beginning a two hour artillery duel with the Federals. -
Texas remembers and honors her sons.
They sleep the sleep of the brave.
Erected 2009 by The State of Texas.
Location. 37° 39.801′ N, 84° 15.259′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Kentucky, in Madison County. Marker can be reached from Battlefield Memorial Highway (U.S. 421), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. The memorial is on the grounds of Battlefield Park. This is the site of the "Pleasant View" house. From the restroom building, take the walking trail northward for about .1 mile. Then, take the trail that leads off to
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. General Thomas Churchill (here, next to this marker); "Good, Common-Sense Soldiering" (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Saving the Richmond Battlefield (approx. 0.2 miles away); Battle of Richmond (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Richmond (approx. 0.2 miles away); Slavery at Pleasant View Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Union Trail (approx. 0.2 miles away); Barnett Burial Ground (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
Also see . . . Related Markers. (Submitted on June 17, 2014, by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.)
1. Texas Civil War Monuments
This marker is one of 19 monuments placed by the State of Texas on battlefields across the nation, preserving the memories of the contributions made by the state’s military units during the Civil War.
In 1961 the Texas Civil War Centennial Commission and the Texas State Historical Survey Committee initiated this Vicksburg National Military Park, Mississippi. Over the next three years monuments were also placed in the towns of Pea Ridge, Arkansas and Anthony, Texas (for the Arizona-New Mexico campaign) and at the following battlefields: Chickamauga, Georgia; Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia; Mansfield, Louisiana; Antietam, Maryland; Bentonville, North Carolina; Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Fort Donelson, Tennessee; Shiloh, Tennessee; and The Wilderness, Virginia.
Starting in 1998, the Texas Historical Commission continued the work begun in 1961 by the Centennial Commission and the Historical Raymond, Mississippi (2002); Rowlett’s Station, Kentucky (2008); Richmond, Kentucky (2009); Corinth, Mississippi (2010); Gaines Mill, Virginia(2012); and Second Manassas, Virginia (2012).
The Texas Historical Commission plans to place a monument at the battlefield of Glorieta Pass, New Mexico.
(Source: Texas Historical Commission, 2015)
NOTE: The links above will take you the HMdb record for the Texas Monument of that battle or campaign.
— Submitted July 17, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on July 25, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 10, 2011, by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 654 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 10, 2011, by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 5. submitted on July 27, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 6, 7. submitted on October 10, 2011, by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 8. submitted on July 27, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.