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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Camden in Kershaw County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

American Commanders

 
 
American Commanders Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
1. American Commanders Marker
Inscription. Major General Horatio Gates (1728-1806) Born in England, Gates served as a staff officer during the French and Indian War (1754-1763), but later resigned from the British army. He moved to Virginia in 1772. At the outbreak of the Revolution, he was commissioned a brigadier general and helped organize the American army at Boston.

In 1777 Gates commanded the American forces that defeated and captured General John Burgoyne’s British army at Saratoga, New York. Congress appointed him to replace Benjamin Lincoln as commander in the South after the surrender of Charleston in 1780. Gate’s attempt to force the British out of Camden resulted in a disastrous defeat on August 16, 1780, and he was removed from command.

Major General Baron Johann de Kalb (1721-1780)

De Kalb was the son of Bavarian peasants. He joined the French army and served with distinction in the War of the Austrian Succession (1744-1748) and Seven Years’ War (1756-1763), earning promotions and the title of “baron”. De Kalb came to America in 1777 with his friend the Marquis de Lafayette. Congress appointed him a major general, and he served under General George Washington at Valley Forge. He took command of reinforcements sent to the South in 1780, and fought heroically at the Battle of Camden, where he was mortally wounded.
Overview image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
2. Overview


Major General Nathanael Greene (1742-1786)

A native of Rhode Island, Greene took command of his state’s troops in May 1775 during the siege of Boston. He subsequently became a general in the Continental Army. Greene served in the 1776 New York and New Jersey campaigns, and the Pennsylvania campaign of 1777.

In 1778 he was appointed quartermaster general of the northern army. After the American defeat at Camden in August 1780, General George Washington chose Greene to replace Horatio Gates as commander in the South.

Greene took charge in December, and after ten months of hard campaigning he drove the British from the interior of Georgia and the Carolinas. He then encircled Charleston and Savannah until British forces evacuated these towns in 1782.
 
Location. 34° 14.003′ N, 80° 36.208′ W. Marker is in Camden, South Carolina, in Kershaw County. Marker can be reached from Broad Street. Touch for map. Located in the Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site. Marker is in this post office area: Camden SC 29020, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. British Commanders (here, next to this marker); Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site (here, next to this marker); African Americans Choose Sides
Picture on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
3. Picture on the marker
Major General Baron Johann de Kalb Portrait by Charles William Peale, ca 1782. Courtesy of Independence National Historical Park
(within shouting distance of this marker); War in the Backcountry (within shouting distance of this marker); Citizen - Soldiers (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Fortified Post (about 300 feet away); Palisade Wall (about 300 feet away); Camden - Strategic Key (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Camden.
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
Picture on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
4. Picture on the marker
Major General Horatio Gates Portrait by Charles William Peale, ca 1782. Courtesy of Independence National Historical Park
Picture on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Anna Inbody, October 2, 2011
5. Picture on the marker
Major General Nathanael Greene “Major General Nathanael Greene, The Fighting Quaker” by Werner Willis, 1996, Werner Willis Fine Arts.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 28, 2011, by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 356 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 28, 2011, by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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