Cadott in Chippewa County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The Precambrian Rocks
The oldest rocks here are dark gray amphibolites, which are composed of black amphibole and gray plagioclase feldspar. The amphibolites are "cut" by masses of pinkish gray granite composed of creamy feldspars and gray, glassy quartz. You can see unassimilated pieces of amphibolite "floating" in the granite. The resulting comprise rock is called an "intrusion breccia". You will also see younger granites cutting older ones. Some of the granites, called pegmatites, are very coarse-textured, with big crystals of pinkish feldspar and quartz.
Figure 2 --- Sketch of an intrusion breccia with fragments of deformed granite and amphibolite.
All of the rocks show a distinct layering or foliation which is produced by solid-state flowage of crush debris under extremely high shearing stress and/or recrystallization
Figure 3 --- Shear-folded compositional layering in contaminated granite. Key highlights axial trace of small fold. Location #2
Figure 4 --- Sheared, contaminated granite; Location #3 Note the gray color caused by contaminated of the granite by amphibolitic minerals. Notice that in some places the foliation has been folded [Figure 4]. This indicates that the foliation was produced during an initial high-temperature-pressure deformation and then later deformed. Multiple deformations are typical of Precambrian rocks.
Figure 5 --- A large fragment or "xenolith" of dark amphibolite in coarse granite contains folded granite stringers similar in composition to the enclosing granite. This relationship suggests defromation of the fragment after intrusion of some of the granite Location #4.
Figure 6 --- Veined Precambrian amphibolite xenolith cut by granite which shows deformation fabric – a thin layering called "foliation". Location: #5
Figure 7 --- Laminated dark granite containing much disseminated amphibolite [dark gray]. Some of this granular fabric was produced by intense shearing along a west-northwest trending fault zone after granite intrusion at 1,800 mya. Location #6
Figure 8 --- Granite dikes and stringers cutting highly deformed and altered amphibolite. Note two ages of granite dikes [granite
Created by: Dr. Paul Myers
University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
In the Memory of Tim McConville
Donated by the McConville Family
Erected 2004 by Dr. Paul Myers; donated by the McConville Family.
Location. 44° 57.225′ N, 91° 9.053′ W. Marker is in Cadott, Wisconsin, in Chippewa County. Marker is at the intersection of North Main Street and West Yellow Street, on the right when traveling north on North Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cadott WI 54727, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cadotte Trading Post Site (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Yellowstone Trail (approx. 0.2 miles away); Introduction to the Geology of the Cadott Region (approx. 0.2 miles away); Cadott Hub and Spoke Factory (approx. ¼ mile away); The Gravesite of Lansing A. Wilcox (approx. 0.9 miles away); Wisconsin Veterans Tribute (approx. 1.2 miles away); Citizen Soldier Monument (approx. 1.2 miles away); Western Bohemian-Fraternal Association (approx. 5.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cadott.
Used in the text, "mya" indicates million years ago.
— Submitted November 29, 2011.
Categories. • Natural Features •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 29, 2011, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 562 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 29, 2011, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin.