Coatesville in Chester County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Lukens Mill - Late 1800s
The Lukens National Historic District
In 1890, the firm added another mill, this one with three rolls 34" in diameter and 120" in length between mill stands. The 3-high configuration permitted the passing of material in both directions through the mill. This is believed to have been the largest mill in the United States at that time. Driven by a large Corliss steam engine, the mill was equipped with cooling tables, hydraulic lifting equipment, and transfer apparatus to move the plates easily to shearing areas. When operated as a finishing mill, it facilitated the rolling of steel, which Lukens had begun to roll about 1881, and which was rapidly supplanting iron for the most industrial purposes.
A technological development that was to become a company speciality was the manufacture of heads, or bowllike shapes, by hot spinning. As a leading supplier of boiler plate, Lukens saw new market potential in being able to supply the builders of steam boilers, tanks, and pressure vessels with formed heads for end closures as well. Prior to the invention of spinning machines, heads were formed by hammering, or "bumping" hot plates with heavy
Location. 39° 58.847′ N, 75° 49.373′ W. Marker is in Coatesville, Pennsylvania, in Chester County. Marker is on S. 1st Street 0.1 miles from Harmony Street. Touch for map. The The Lukens 112/120 Mill Complex alluded to in the interpretive is 350 feet from South 1st Street. The interpretive is 260 feet from South 1st Street and exactly 75 feet from this facilities building/plant (82 feet from the most northern part or front right corner of the building). This is the first building to the immediate left of the executive offices. The mill plant is rather long, about 424 feet long. The marker faces the mill building. The markers are the standard interpretives, held horizontally, thick black, frame, tilted for good viewing and maybe 3 or 4 feet off the ground. Marker is in this post office area: Coatesville PA 19320, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. The Lukens Mill - Early 1900s (within shouting distance of this marker); Terracina (within shouting distance of this marker); Charles Lukens Huston House Site (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Charles Lukens Huston House (about 300 feet away); Brandywine Iron Works - Early 1800s (about 300 feet away); The Modern Mill (about 300 feet away); Brandywine Mansion (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Brandywine Mansion (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Coatesville.
More about this marker. The top left of the marker features a color photo of Dr. Charles Hudson, one of the founders of Lukens Steel Company. Next to that is a simple map of the mill site circa 1870. Beneath this is a 'landscape' picture of the milling area called Valley Panorama from circa 1870. At the bottom left of the marker is an even longer 'landscape' shot of the 84" Rolling Mill. The opposite corner is a picture of an end product discussed in the interpretive, called Spun Heads.
Regarding The Lukens Mill - Late 1800s. This is a very small, esoteric historic district which would normally be only fully understood and appreciated by a very specific cross-section of people. The Walking Tour Project
Also see . . .
1. The Lukens Historic District and National Iron & Steel Heritage Museum Interpretive Plan. This link is all about the interpretive plan and walking tour which supports and educates visitors about the Lukens Historic District. (Submitted on December 28, 2011, by Eric Milask of Cherry Hill, New Jersey.)
2. Historic District Walking Tour Signage Project. This link offers pictures of all the interpretive within the historic district. (Submitted on December 28, 2011, by Eric Milask of Cherry Hill, New Jersey.)
3. Lukens National Historic District. Self-promoting website to engage and educate visitors and promote tourism. (Submitted on December 28, 2011, by Eric Milask of Cherry Hill, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 28, 2011, by Eric Milask of Cherry Hill, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 387 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 28, 2011, by Eric Milask of Cherry Hill, New Jersey. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.