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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pleasant Plains in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Medical Care for All

“Lift Every Voice”

 

óGeorgia Ave./Pleasant Plains Heritage Trail ó

 
"Medical Care for All" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, November 27, 2011
1. "Medical Care for All" Marker
Inscription.
During the Civil War (1861-1865), thousands of formerly enslaved people came to Washington in search of new lives. They needed work, education, shelter – and health care. In 1862 the U.S. government responded with Freedmenís Hospital, located at 12th and R Streets, NW.

Less than a decade later, Freedmenís moved near Fifth and W Streets and became Howard Universityís teaching hospital. At a time of strict segregation, Freedmenís, like the university itself, was open to all, offering high-level care and education.

Freedmenís focused on training physicians, but also became a top research institution. Pediatrician Roland Scott pioneered studies on sickle cell anemia, the genetic blood disorder that primarily affects African Americans. Washingtonian Charles R. Drew, who developed life-saving methods for mass blood banking during World War II, headed Freedmenís Surgery Department from 1941 until his death in 1950. From 1908 until 1975, Freedmenís operated in the building across the lawn from this sign, closing when Howard University Hospital opened on Georgia Avenue.

Among the Howard-associated physicians who cared for their community was Ionia Whipper, a graduate who sheltered unwed mothers in her home/clinic nearby at 511 Florida Avenue during the 1940s. Former faculty member Simeon Carson opened a
"Medical Care for All" Marker - photo on reverse image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, November 27, 2011
2. "Medical Care for All" Marker - photo on reverse
"In a men's ward at Freedmen's Hospital, 1939"
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
private hospital at 1822 Fourth Street. During Civil Rights demonstrations Freedmenís treated participants free of charge.

Just east of here is the edge of what oldtimers called Howardtown, an area of wood-frame houses that grew from a settlement of formerly enslaved people during and after the Civil War. The Kelly Miller Dwellings replaced much of Howardtown in the early 1940s.

[Photo captions:]

A 1930 class of nursing students stood for a Scurlock portrait on Freedmenís Hospitalís front steps, left. Above, a Freedmenís orderly pushes a convalescent. Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History * National Archives and Records Administration.

Dr. Charles R. Drew, left, poses with the Red Crossís first mobile blood-collecting unit during World War II. Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.

Dr. Roland Scott (wearing eyeglasses) receives an incubator for Freedmenís Hospitalís babies, 1941. Afro-American Newspapers Archives and Research Center.

Howard-associated physicians Ionia Whipper, bottom right, and Simeon L. Carson, right. Below, Carsonís private hospital. Collection of Carole Ione Lewis * Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University * Moorland-Spingarn Research Center,
The "Medical Care for All" marker (at left) - in front of the C. B. Powell Bldg. image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, November 27, 2011
3. The "Medical Care for All" marker (at left) - in front of the C. B. Powell Bldg.
The C. B. Powell building originally served as the main building of Freedmen's Hospital. Presently, it houses the Howard U. School of Communications.
Howard University
.

A portion of old Howardtown. DC Housing Authority.

Inspectors examine the new V Street Houses, right, also visible as the horseshoe-shaped development near Griffith Stadium, far right. Just south, the Kelly Miller Dwellings are under constructions, 1941. Washingtoniana Division, DC Public Library * DC Housing Authority.
 
Erected 2011 by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 6 of 19.)
 
Location. 38° 55.218′ N, 77° 1.162′ W. Marker is in Pleasant Plains, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on Bryant Street, NW east of 6th Street, NW, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 525 Bryant St., NW, Washington DC 20059, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Freedmen's Hospital (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ed Murphy Way (about 800 feet away); Cleaning Up Cowtown (approx. 0.2 miles away); Howard University (approx. 0.2 miles away); "Strike!" (approx. 0.2 miles away); Centennial Year, Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority (approx. 0.2
View southward from the "Medical Care for All" marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, November 27, 2011
4. View southward from the "Medical Care for All" marker
- note the Louis Stokes Health Sciences Library, left, the Nursing and Allied Sciences Building, right, and College of Medicine buildings beyond the quad, center-right.
miles away); Teachers and Preachers (approx. 0.2 miles away); Best in the Country (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pleasant Plains.
 
Also see . . .
1. Howard University College of Medicine - History. (Submitted on January 18, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. C. B. Powell (1894-1977). - physician, publisher, entrepreneur, and benefactor (Submitted on January 18, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 

3. Maj. Alexander Thomas Augusta, MC, U.S. Army. - Civil War medical officer, and the only Black physician among the College's original five faculty members, 1868. (Submitted on January 18, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 
 
Additional keywords. Alexander Thomas Augusta; C. B. Powell
 
Categories. African AmericansEducationScience & MedicineWar, World II
 
Roland Scott image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
5. Roland Scott
Dr. Roland Scott (wearing eyeglasses) receives an incubator for Freedmenís Hospitalís babies, 1941.
Close-up of photo on marker
Afro-American Newpapers
Class of 1930 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
6. Class of 1930
A 1930 class of nursing students stood for a Scurlock portrait on Freedmenís Hospitalís front steps.
Close-up of photo on marker
A Freedmenís Orderly Pushes a Convalescent image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
7. A Freedmenís Orderly Pushes a Convalescent
Close-up of photo on marker
Scurlock Studios
Charles R. Drew<br>Bloodmobile image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
8. Charles R. Drew
Bloodmobile
Dr. Charles R. Drew, poses with the Red Crossís first mobile blood-collecting unit during World War II.
Close-up of photo on marker
Scurlock Studios
Ionia Whipper image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
9. Ionia Whipper
Howard-associated physician Ionia Whipper.
Close-up of photo on marker
Moorland Springarn Research Center
Simeon L. Carson, image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
10. Simeon L. Carson,
Howard-associated physician Simeon L. Carson.
Close-up of photo on marker
Moorland Springarn Research Center
Carsonís Private Hospital image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
11. Carsonís Private Hospital
Close-up of photo on marker
Collection of Carole Ione Lewis
A Portion of Old Howardtown. image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
12. A Portion of Old Howardtown.
Close-up of photo on marker
DC Housing Authority.
V Street Homes image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
13. V Street Homes
Inspectors examine the new V Street Houses.
Close-up of photo on marker
Washingtoniana Division, DC Public Library
V Street Homes & Kelly Miller Dwellings image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
14. V Street Homes & Kelly Miller Dwellings
V Street Homes are also visible as the horseshoe-shaped development near Griffith Stadium, Just south, the Kelly Miller Dwellings are under construction.
Close-up of photo on marker
Washingtoniana Division, DC Public Library
Howard University College of Medicine image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 21, 2015
15. Howard University College of Medicine
(Across the Plaza) formerly Freedman's Hospital.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 4, 2017. This page originally submitted on January 17, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 586 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 17, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   3, 4. submitted on January 18, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on July 3, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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