Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
The “Columbiad” Cannon
Dozens of these cannons were used to defend Charleston. Union forces began blockading Charleston early in the war. As the war progressed, they bombarded this part of South Carolina constantly, ultimately establishing several beachheads for the Union artillery cannons. Duels between the Union and the Confederate forces occurred constantly, but thanks in part to cannons like this Columbiad, Charleston did not fall to Union forces until Shermanís successful invasion of South Carolina which
In the year 2000, this cannon was recovered off the SC coast at the site of the sunken ship, Philadelphia. The Philadelphia, a salvage ship, carried old iron north to be refoundered. The Unionís final blow to the South was taking the rail iron off the tracks and removing all cannons and defense weapons from Charleston. When the vessel hit rough seas near Georgetown, South Carolina, the planking broke free and the ship sank.
The wreck of the Philadelphia was discovered by a group of sport fishermen from Murrell Inlet, SC. They noticed a significant number of fish congregating around the site. They did a discovery dive and found it to be the actual wreck of the Philadelphia. The group of fishermen then formed a corporation known as Long Bay Salvage Company, Inc. and petitioned the federal government for the rights to the vessel and the removal of artifacts. This Columbiad serial #22 was the first to be raised and went through an extensive one year de-salting and electrolysis process to preserve the cannon.
The funds for the purchase of the Columbiad for the SC Military Museum were generously given by: Mr. Joseph M. Harden, Major General O.L. Peacock, Major General Weston Adams, Colonel Stanley Meuser, Lieutenant Colonel Walter F. Lineberger, III.
Location. 33° 58.026′ N, 81° 1.133′ W. Marker is in Columbia, South Carolina, in Richland County. Marker can be reached from National Guard Road. Touch for map. This is outside the SC Military Museum. Marker is in this post office area: Columbia SC 29201, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Congaree Creek (approx. 1.2 miles away); Curtiss-Wright Hangar (approx. 1.2 miles away); Beth Shalom Cemetery (approx. 1Ĺ miles away); "The Spirit of the American Doughboy" (approx. 1.6 miles away); Tree of Life Synagogue (approx. 1.8 miles away); Gladden Home Site (approx. 1.8 miles away); Booker T. Washington School/Booker T. Washington High (approx. 1.8 miles away); Booker T. Washington High School (approx. 1.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 18, 2012, by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,623 times since then and 67 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 18, 2012, by Anna Inbody of Columbia, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.