Mocksville in Davie County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Davie County in the Civil War
Stoneman in Mocksville
—Stoneman's Raid —
On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, the North Carolina Railroad, and the Piedmont Railroad. He struck at Boone on March 28, headed into Virginia on April 2, and returned to North Carolina a week later. Stoneman's Raid ended at Asheville on April 26, the day that Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered to Union Gen. William T. Sherman near Durham.
On April 11, 1865, two brigades of Union Gen. George Stoneman's force, about 3,000 men, crossed the Yadkin River at Shallow Ford en route to Salisbury to free Federal captives in the Confederate prison camp there. A Home Guard of 21 men including fifteen-year-old E. L. Gaither assembled at Elisha Creek Hill just north of Mocksville, exchanged a few shots with the Federals, and then scattered.
Stoneman's men burned the McNeely cotton factory half a mile west, it had not operated since the 1840s. Some threw county records into the street. A deed recorded in 1872 asserted that the original "was destroyed by Stoneman's men." The courthouse stood in the center of the square facing south and some of the troops used the weathervane for target practice.
Townspeople here were forced to feed the soldiers and endure looting. Raiders broke into Baxton Bailey's store, ruined his goods, and stole four horses. His wife was held at gunpoint in the Lee House on Carter Street when she resisted demands for money; a bed pillow was set on fire, but the soldiers left without harming her. The fire was quickly extinguished. The only remaining artifact, a charred wallboard, is now on display at the library.
Stoneman bivouacked south of town in Ephesus, taking five hostages, who escaped. He hastened to Salisbury to find the prisoners had been moved to Wilmington in February.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 53.61′ N, 80° 33.78′ W. Marker is in Mocksville, North Carolina, in Davie County. Marker is at the intersection of Clement Street and Water Street, on the right when traveling south on Clement Street. Touch for map. Marker located in front of Mocksville City Hall. Marker is in this post office area: Mocksville NC 27028, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. H. Andrew Lagle (a few steps from this marker); Davie County War Memorial (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Boone Memorial (about 400 feet away); The Boone Family in Davie County (approx. 1.3 miles away); Daniel Boone's Parents (approx. 1.4 miles away); Hinton R. Helper (approx. 2.3 miles away); Boone Tract (approx. 2.4 miles away); Colonel Thomas W. Ferebee (approx. 4.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mocksville.
Also see . . .
1. civilwartraveler.com - Stoneman's Raid. (Submitted on March 4, 2012, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.)
2. civilwartrails.org. (Submitted on March 4, 2012, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.)
3. Stoneman's Cavalry Raid History. Many links to additional resources (Submitted on March 4, 2012, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 4, 2012, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 676 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on March 4, 2012, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.