East Norwalk in Fairfield County, Connecticut — The American Northeast (New England)
The British Invasion
In early July 1779, British General William Tryon led 2,600 British and Hessian soldiers on raids down the Connecticut shoreline to punish residents for their “ungenerous and wanton insurrection” against the Crown. They destroyed homes, provisions and ammunition in New Haven and Fairfield before landing at Norwalk Harbor and what is now Calf Pasture Beach on July 10.
The next morning, Hessians and loyalists attacked on the Norwalk Riverís west side, while Tyronís British regiments marched into town along the riverís east side. Despite a fierce defense by local militia, Tryonís troops set fire to much of the town, including 130 homes, 100 barns, 40 shops, two churches and two flour mills. Only 30 buildings were left standing. (Tryon is said to have watched from a rocking chair on a ridge near what is now East Avenue.)
A committee of the General Assembly estimated the losses from Tryonís raid at $116,238. Later, the federal government gave an area in Connecticutís Western Reserve of Ohio as compensation.
On May 30, 1800, the United States ceded land titles to the “fire sufferers.” This area in NW Ohio became known as “the Firelands,” a nickname that continues to this day.
Founded in 1817, Norwalk, Ohio, was one of the first towns in “the Firelands.”
Location. Touch for map. Marker is located at Calf Pasture Beach. Marker is in this post office area: Norwalk CT 06855, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lifeguarding History (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Harvesting from the Sea (about 600 feet away); A Calf Pasture Primer (approx. 0.3 miles away); Taylor Farm Park (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Marvin Property (approx. 0.6 miles away); Fitchís Point (approx. 0.8 miles away); Roger Ludlow (approx. 0.9 miles away); A Habitat Renewed (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in East Norwalk.
More about this marker. A portrait of Gen. William Tryon and a picture of a British ship appear on the marker.
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 12, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 771 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 12, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.