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Herkimer in Herkimer County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Revolution in the Mohawk Valley

Herkimer County Historical Society

 

—Fort Dayton —

 
Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 29, 2011
1. Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker
Inscription. [First Frame of Text]: Fort Dayton

During the American Revolution the residents of this area were protected by Fort Dayton. It stood right here, in the area bounded by North Main, East German, North Washington and Court Streets. The fort was built in the summer of 1776 by the Third New Jersey Regiment of the Continental Army under the command of Colonel Elias Dayton.

In 1777 General Nicholas Herkimer mustered the Tryon County Militia here to march west to the aid of Fort Stanwix. They were fatally ambushed at Oriskany, five miles short of their goal. By 1781 Fort Dayton had become the westernmost military outpost in New York State. It was dismantled shortly after the close of the American Revolution.

Colonel Elias Dayton, a veteran of earlier frontier wars, directed the rebuilding of Fort Stanwix before constructing Fort Dayton. His son Jonathan served under George Washington and later speculated in western lands, including what is now Dayton, Ohio.
Col. Dayton, New York Public Library


[Second Frame of Text]:

During the American Revolution, almost half of the military actions in New York State occurred along the strategic corridor of the Mohawk Valley. In 1777 British, Native American and Loyalist battalions attacked
Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 29, 2011
2. Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker
Close-up view of the first frame of text on the historic marker. This portion of the text discusses Fort Dayton and its builder, Col. Elias Dayton.
from the west and north. Defeats at Fort Stanwix and elsewhere forced a British surrender at Saratoga, the war's turning point.

The bloodshed at Oriskany in 1777 was one of many encounters between former neighbors on the battlefield. In this region the Revolution was a civil war that divided families and communities, both European and Native American. Many stayed loyal to the British King and were forced to move, forfeiting their property. The remainder took up arms or struggled to remain neutral.

For seven long years enemy raids terrorized the Mohawk Valley, periodically burning the fertile farms of this "bread basket" of New York. By 1783, the region had been reduced to little more than fortified homesteads, militia posts and abandoned fields.

Explore the many sides of America's revolution for independence. Visit the Revolutionary War Heritage Trail sites of the Mohawk Valley Heritage Corridor.

[Revolutionary War Heritage Sites by Regions]:

Western Region
1. Shako:wi Oneida Cultural Center, Oneida
2. Fort Stanwix National Monument, Rome
3. Oriskany Battlefield State Historic Site, Oriskany
4. Steuben Memorial State Historic Site, Remsen
5. Oneida County Historical Society, Utica
6. Herkimer County Historical Society, Herkimer
7. Fort Herkimer Church, German Flatts
8.
Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 29, 2011
3. Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker
View of the text in the second frame of text on the historical marker.
Herkimer Home State Historic Site, Little Falls
9. Indian Castle Church, Danube

Central Region
10. Margaret Reaney Memorial Library, St. Johnsville
11. Nellis Tavern, St. Johnsville 12. Fort Klock, St. Johnsville 13. Fort Plain Museum, Fort Plain
14. Palatine Church, Town of Palatine
15. Stone Arabia Preservation Society, Stone Arabia
16. Van Alstyne Homestead, Canajoharie
17. Cherry Valley Museum, Cherry Valley
18. Johnstown: Johnson Hall State Historic Site, Battle of Johnstown, Drumm House, Tryon County Courthouse, Fort Johnstown
19. Montgomery Co. History & Archives, Fonda
20. Old Fort Johnson, Fort Johnson
21. Guy Park, Amsterdam
22. Old Stone Fort Museum, Schoharie
23. Palatine House, Schoharie
24. Battle of Flockey, Fultonham

Eastern Region
25. Mabee Farm, Rotterdam Junction
26. Schenectady Stockade, Schenectady
27. Philip Schuyler Country House, Schuylerville
28. Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater
29. Van Schaick Mansion, Cohoes
30. Crailo State Historic Site, Rensselaer
31. Albany: Schuyler Mansion State Historic Site, Ten Broeck Mansion

 
Erected by Heritage New York. (Marker Number 6.)
 
Location.
Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 29, 2011
4. Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker
Close-up view of the historical marker's map showing the heritage historical sites, by regions.
43° 1.756′ N, 74° 59.363′ W. Marker is in Herkimer, New York, in Herkimer County. Marker is at the intersection of North Main Street and Court Street, on the left when traveling south on North Main Street. Touch for map. This historic marker is located on the former site of Fort Dayton and in front of the current site of the Herkimer County Historical Society. Marker is in this post office area: Herkimer NY 13350, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. General Herkimer Takes Command (within shouting distance of this marker); 1834 Jail (within shouting distance of this marker); The Thirty-Fourth Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Dayton (within shouting distance of this marker); Fred'ck Staring (approx. ¼ mile away); Early Village Burying Ground (approx. ¼ mile away); General Nicolas Herrhheimer (approx. ¼ mile away); Fort Herkimer (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Herkimer.
 
Also see . . .  Revolutionary War - New York State Parks Recreation & Historic Preservation. This is a link to information provided by the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. (Submitted on June 17, 2013, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 29, 2011
5. Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker
View, looking northeast, of the historical marker located in front of the Herkimer County Historical Society.
Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 29, 2011
6. Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker
View, looking north on North Main Street, of the historical marker in front of the county historical society building.
Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 29, 2011
7. Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker
View, looking north along North Main Street from in front of the county courthouse, of the county historical society building with the marker situated in its front yard.
Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 29, 2011
8. Revolution in the Mohawk Valley Marker
View from across the street of the historical marker situated at the northeast corner of the intersection.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 10, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 723 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on April 10, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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