Near Oriskany in Oneida County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Tryon County militiamen and the Oneida comprised a force of about 800 men, at least one woman, 15 heavy supply wagons pulled by oxen. Their noisy relief train stretched along the winding military road for over a mile. Although untested in combat, the colonial forces were determined to relieve the fort's garrison of Continental soldiers and, perhaps more importantly, to prevent the British regaining control of the valley for the Crown. Behind them to the east, lay homesteads protected now only by their women and children, the elderly, and the infirm. The militia could not afford to lose this fight.
General Nicholas Herkimer became a hero to the Patriots' cause by maintaining his calm and directing his troops' defense despite being badly wounded during the opening moments of the battle. Herkimer died 10 days following
Lieutenant Samuel Campbell, 1st Regiment, Tryon County Militia, eventually led the devastated colonial forces from the field after General Herkimer was wounded and Campbell's regimental commander killed.
Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea) was a Mohawk captain who sided with the British during the Revolutionary War
Sir John Johnson raised a regiment of loyalist soldiers in Canada called The Kings Royal Regiment of New York, also called the Royal Greens.
Cornplanter (Gayentwahga) became a chief of the Seneca Nation of Indians at the age of 18.
Colonel John Butler was instrumental in inducing the Senecas to fight on behalf of the British.
Location. 43° 10.647′ N, 75° 22.162′ W. Marker is near Oriskany, New York, in Oneida County. Marker can be reached from Rome Oriskany Road (New York State Route 69) 0.4 miles east of Monument Road. Touch for map. This historic marker is located at the Oriskany Battlefield State Historic Site park and can only be reached by walking. Marker is in this post office area: Oriskany NY 13424, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Clash of Cultures (here, next to this marker); The Rally (a few steps from this marker); In the Valley homes was great mourning (a few steps from this marker); Campaign of 1777 (within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing); Here the Battle of Oriskany Was Fought (within shouting distance of this marker); The Oriskany Battle Monument (within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing); Relief for Fort Stanwix (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to Oriskany Battlefield (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oriskany.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Native Americans • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 14, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 278 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on April 14, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.