Rockford in Surry County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
A Close Encounter
—Stoneman's Raid —
On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, the North Carolina Railroad, and the Piedmont Railroad. He struck at Boone on March 28, headed into Virginia on April 2, and returned to North Carolina a week later. Stoneman's Raid ended at Asheville on April 26, the day that Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered to Union Gen. William T. Sherman near Durham.
Union Gen. George Stoneman's raiders passed through this area along the north bank of the Yadkin River on April 1-2, 1865, on their way north to Virginia. As they rode through Rockford, they stopped here at Mark York's tavern, a Federal-style building constructed about 1830. According to local tradition, York's wife was churning butter in the front yard with her young son, Jasper, at her side. The troopers demanded that she reveal where local residents had hidden animals and valuables when they learned of the raiders' approach. She refused to answer, even after the Federals threatened to take her son away with them, but finally retorted, "And you'll pay the devil." The soldiers gave up and left, and she returned to her churning.
When a Federal
Stoneman's raiders continued riding down the north bank of the Yadkin River. They had a brief encounter with Confederate troops at Siloam, about five miles east of here, before turning north toward Virginia.
In 1789, Rockford became the seat of Surry County and flourished as a governmental and trade community on the Yadkin River. After Yadkin County was created from the southern half of Surry in 1850, the court was moved to Dobson three years later, and Rockford entered a period of decline.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 16.19′ N, 80° 38.97′ W. Marker is in Rockford, North Carolina, in Surry County Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Dobson NC 27017, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Richmond Hill (approx. 2 miles away); a different marker also named Richmond Hill (approx. 2 miles away); Richmond Pearson (approx. 4.4 miles away); Reeves Homeplace (approx. 5.2 miles away); Deep Creek Friends Meeting (approx. 6.1 miles away); Bond Schoolhouse (approx. 6.1 miles away); Bond School House (approx. 6.1 miles away); Second Yadkin County Jail (approx. 9.3 miles away).
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 19, 2012, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 495 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on April 19, 2012, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.