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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Elberton in Elbert County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain

 
 
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
1. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Inscription.
[Column - East/West Inscription]:
Elberton
Granite
Bicentennial
Memorial
Fountain
***
Commemorating
The
200th
Anniversary
of
American
Independence
***
1776 — 1976
[Column - North/South Inscription]:
Erected
During
1976
As A
Gift
to
Elberton
and
Albert County
by
Member-Firms
of the
Elberton Granite
Association, Inc
***
May this fountain serve
as an everyday reminder
of the Elberton Granite
Industry's interest in
this community and con-
tributions to this area's
economic and civic life.

[First Panel]:
1776 - 1976
Two Centuries of Advancement

From America's founding in 1776 to its bicentennial year of 1976, the story of Elbert County is one of steady advancement and progress — in agriculture and industry, in development of natural resources, in education and cultural activities, in religious and political endeavors, and in improving the quality of life enjoyed by all its citizens.

[Second Panel]:
Before 1776
Early Settlers

Elbert County was a portion of the hunting and burial grounds of the Cherokee and Creek Indians.
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>First Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
2. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
First Panel
Early settlers came from North Carolina and Virginia. First settlement at Dartmouth prior to 1776. Later known as Petersburg, located at "The Point" where Broad and Savannah Rivers joined.

[Third Panel]:
1776 - 1783
Revolutionary War Period

Elbert County area was part of Wilkes County. Colonial Patriots included Stephen Heard, later Governor of Georgia, Benjamin Hart, Dan Tucker, and others. Nancy Hart, a famous Revolutionary heroine, lived near Broad River and performed magnificent deeds of bravery and military feats.

[Fourth Panel]:
1783 - 1790
Petersburg Era

Petersburg, established by Dionysius Oliver, became a major early Georgia town of 2,000 population. Site covered by waters of Clark Hill Lake in 1950s. Two of Petersburg's residents, Dr. William Wyatt Bibb and Justice Charles Tate, served simultaneously in the U.S. Senate in 1813 -- the only instance in history that two senators lived in the same town.

[Fifth Panel]:
1790
Elbert County Established

On December 10, 1790, Elbert County was created from Wilkes County by Act of the Georgia Legislature. Named for General Samuel Elbert, Revolutionary soldier and Governor of Georgia. First session of Elbert County Superior Court was held on January 20, 1791, at the home of Thomas A. Carter
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Second Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
3. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Second Panel
on Beaverdam Creek.

[Sixth Panel]:
1790 - 1860
A Time of Growth

Elbert County's population increased rapidly. Lands were cleared, roads were built, and cotton replaced tobacco as the principal farm crop. Churches organized -- Van's Creek, Doves Creek and Falling Creek Baptist; Bethlehem, Coldwater, Stinchcomb, Elberton and Eliam Methodist, and others. Heardmont and Ruckersville settled. Joseph Rucker established nationally famous Bank of Ruckersville.

[Seventh Panel]:
1803
City of Elberton Created

Elberton was established by the Georgia General Assembly on December 10, 1803. Site selected as county seat because it was near the center of the area, located on a natural water shed, well elevated, and with a good drinking spring.

[Eighth Panel]:
1860 - 1878
Civil War & Reconstruction

Elbert County Furnished many troops to the Confederate cause -- 189th and 202nd Georgia Militia, Fireside Guards, Bowman Volunteers, McIntosh Volunteers, and others. Over 280 of these men gave their lives in battle. Elbert was a banner county of Georgia during the Reconstruction period, steadfast in its opposition to radicalism.

[Eighth Panel]:
1878 - 1900
Railroads & Granite Beginnings

First railroad in Elbert County,
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Third Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
4. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Third Panel
from Elberton to Toccoa, completed in 1878. Another line to Atlanta and Richmond was finished in 1891, opening up new opportunities for commerce and trade. The Elberton granite industry was started with the opening of commercial quarries in 1889 followed by small finishing plants, Elberton gradually became known as "The Granite City."

[Tenth Panel]:
1900 - 1920
Economic & Cultural Expansion

Public school system organized. Many schools built. Churches expanded. Cultural groups organized. Farming flourished. Elberton became trade center. Bowman and Middleton incorporated. World War I supported by Elbert Countians. 24 gave their lives in the service of their country. Joseph Rucker Lamar, Ruckersville native, appointed to U.S. Supreme Court in 1911.

[Eleventh Panel]:
1920 - 1940
Boom and Depression

Prices of cotton and land reached new highs, followed by new lows. Banks closed and reopened. Elberton's industrial and granite base helped to ease the Depression woes. Chamber of Commerce organized; civic clubs formed; highways built; automobiles, electricity, telephones and other conveniences became commonplace.

[Twelfth Panel]:
1940 - 1960
New Prosperity

Elberton's booming granite industry set economic pace for area. Elberton Granite Association
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Fourth Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
5. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Fourth Panel
formed. Homes and businesses increased in number throughout the city and county. Medical facilities enlarged. World War II and subsequent conflicts claimed lives of 53 from Elbert County. Development of Savannah River hydroelectric projects begun under leadership of Congressman Paul Brown.

[Thirteenth Panel]:
1960 - 1976
Community Progress

Granite Center, Municipal Complex, Granite Bowl, Civic Center, new school buildings, churches, banks, recreation facilities, and shopping centers built. Industry more diversified with expansions of employment opportunities. Active community-boosting organizations encourage progress for "ever-expanding" Elberton and Elbert County.

 
Erected 1976 by Elberton Granite Association, Inc.
 
Location. 34° 6.597′ N, 82° 52.067′ W. Marker is in Elberton, Georgia, in Elbert County. Marker is on South Oliver Street (State Highway 77), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Elberton GA 30635, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Dead (within shouting distance of this marker); Elbert County (within shouting distance of this marker); In the Year 1803
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Fifth Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
6. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Fifth Panel
(within shouting distance of this marker); In Memory (within shouting distance of this marker); Grave of General Wiley Thompson (within shouting distance of this marker); Old Post Road (within shouting distance of this marker); Elbert County Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Samuel Elbert (approx. 0.2 miles away); Old Seaboard Airline Depot (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Christmas Tree House (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Elberton.
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceSettlements & Settlers
 
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Sixth Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
7. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Sixth Panel
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Seventh Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
8. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Seventh Panel
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Eighth Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
9. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Eighth Panel
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Ninth Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
10. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Ninth Panel
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Tenth Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
11. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Tenth Panel
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Eleventh Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
12. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Eleventh Panel
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Twelfth Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
13. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Twelfth Panel
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Thirteenth Panel image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
14. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Thirteenth Panel
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Eagle Detail image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
15. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Eagle Detail
Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain<br>Elbert County Courthouse in Background image. Click for full size.
By Brian Scott, April 7, 2011
16. Elberton Granite Bicentennial Memorial Fountain
Elbert County Courthouse in Background
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 8, 2012, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 510 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. submitted on May 8, 2012, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
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