Berlin, Germany — Northeast German Plain (The European Plain)
Pariser Plaz (Paris Square) is one of Berlin’s most distinctive squares and occupies a unique place within the groundplan of the city. Its planning is attributed to Philipp Gerlach (1697-1738), the architect commissioned by Frederick William I to extend the city’s development westward, which had begun in 1688. In 1732, at the request of the “Soldier King”, Gerlach extended Friedrichstrasse to intersect with Lindenstrasse, where he laid out a circus (now Mehringplatz) at its southern end. Two years later, in 1734, the construction of Wilhelmstrasse and the squares to the west of it defined the entire western boundary of the city: the octagonal Leipziger Platz and the rectangular Pariser Platz.
Thus the city gained three unique baroque piazzas, each in the form of a different geometric figure. A common feature is that all three were designed as squares at gates in the city wall and thus represented “reception rooms” to the royal capital. The monarchs’ influence on the architectural surrounding corresponded to each square’s hierarchical significance within the city structure.
As of 1735, baroque palaces were built on all sides of Pariser Platz, which was topgraphically the most significant of the three, establishing its noble appearance. Both the type of buildings and the
The construction of the Brandenburg Gate in 1788-1791 to plans by Carl Gotthard Langhans (1732-1808 brought architectural eminence to Pariser Platz, already anticipated by its position within the topography of the city. Langhans’ Brandenburg Gate set a new benchmark in style and its dimensions introduced a new scal. The two-storied baroque palaces could not compete with the towering, elegant architecture of the Gate. From the early nineteenth century onwards, subsequent redevelopment of the square took as a model the more block-like, three-storied palace architecture of the Italian Renaissance. This lent Pariser Platz the generous spaciousness, which is still associated with its name today.
The simple paving of the square remained until 1880, when park elements were added by the second Berlin City Parks Director Hermann Mächtig (1837-1909). His design, in which prestige was the supreme consideration; aligned two decorative parterres with central fountains in
Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, Pariser Platz has regained its old importance as a public attraction; however, at first the totally derelict and ruined square represented a poor calling card for the city. In the spring of 1992, there was an opportunity to secure financial aid for re building the square from the “Upswing East” funds of the European Regional Development
Ten years later, in September 2002, the extensive restoration of the entire area of the square was completed. The work was carried out by the Senate of Berlin’s Construction Office in cooperation with the Civil Engineering Department and the Historic Gardens section, based on the traditional design principles used for Unter den Linden boulevard. The pavements beside the parterres with fountains were widened – exactly a century after the first time, in 1902. Three rows of granite flagstones side by side flanked by cobblestone mosaics now form the pavements. Granite blocks were used for re-surfacing the square and a raised, mounded central island create. Replicas of Schupmann’s distinctive candelabra street lanterns, which have belonged to Unter den Linden since 1888, were installed to illuminate Pariser Platz.
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Photo captions, English: ...
Pariser Platz and Brandenburg Gate, ca. 1820 ...
South Side of Pariser Platz, 1906
Aerial view of Pariser Platz, ca. 1915
South side of Pariser Platz, ca. 1931
Pariser Platz and Brandenburg Gate, ca. 1936
Pariser Platz, right, the ruins of the Reichstag, 1947
Aerial view: Strasse des 17 Juni - Pariser Platz Unter den Linden, 1963
Pariser Platz before Restoration, August 1992.
Erected by Vattenfall Berlin.
Location. 52° 30.983′ N, 13° 22.733′ E. Marker is in Berlin, Berlin. Marker is on Unter den Linden just east of Ebertstraße. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Berlin 030, Germany.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Legend of Hitler’s Bunker (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Soviet War Memorial (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Max Planck (approx. one kilometer away); Remains of the Berlin Wall (approx. 1.1 kilometers away); Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer (approx. 1.1 kilometers away); Topography of Terror (approx. 1.1 kilometers away); a different marker also named Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer (approx. 1.1 kilometers away); Checkpoint Charlie Site (approx. 1.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berlin.
Categories. • Man-Made Features • Notable Events • Notable Places • War, Cold •
Credits. This page was last revised on July 24, 2018. This page originally submitted on June 14, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 633 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 14, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 4, 5. submitted on June 15, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 6, 7. submitted on June 20, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.