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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
West Point in Orange County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Redoubt Four

 
 
Redoubt Four Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2012
1. Redoubt Four Marker
Inscription.
In 1778, Thaddeus Kosciuszko designed Redoubt 4 to protect Fort Putnam (visible in the foreground) against British fire from this hill (Rocky Hill). American soldiers built Redoubt 4 in 1779. In 1780, Benedict Arnold described it as “ . . . a wooden work about 10 feet high and fore or five feet thick, the west side faced with a stone wall 8 feet high and four thick, no bomb proof, two six pounders, a slight abattis, a commanding piece of ground 500 yards [west].” An estimated 100 soldiers, excluding artillerymen, were needed to man the fortification.

In 1975 and 1976, during the Bicentennial of the American Revolution, archeologists partially restored Redoubt 4. The shape of the fort resembles Ephraim Sargent’s sketch rather than Kosciuszko’s proposed plan.

The remains of West Points main Bastion, Fort Clinton (originally Fort Arnold), can be seen at the eastern tip of the plain below. To the left and across the river is Constitution Island, the site of the first fortifications in the area. The eastern redoubts were built on the high ground across the river; the western redoubts were built on the hills to the south and west of this redoubt.
 
Location. 41° 23.406′ N, 73° 58.35′ W. Marker is in West Point, New York, in Orange
Redoubt Four Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2012
2. Redoubt Four Marker
This photo shows the commanding view and field of fire covered by Redoubt 4.
County. Marker can be reached from Patrick Trail, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located on the grounds of the United States Military Academy, at the end of a walking trail north of Patrick Trail. Marker is in this post office area: West Point NY 10996, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Redoubt Number Four (here, next to this marker); Western Redoubts 1, 2, 3 and 4 (approx. 0.4 miles away); Bronze Field Guns (approx. 0.4 miles away); McLean Historical Museum Building (approx. 0.4 miles away); Original Embrasure (approx. 0.4 miles away); Archeology, 1974 (approx. half a mile away); Constitution Island Redoubts (approx. half a mile away); Constitution Island (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Point.
 
More about this marker. The top portion of the marker contains a topographical map showing the locations of the fortifications located at West Point. These include Redoubts 1, 2, 3, and 4, Forts Putnam and Clinton, and the fortifications on Constitution Island on the other side of the Hudson River. The Great Chain between Constitution Island and the area of Fort Clinton is also shown.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Marker at West Point image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2012
3. Marker at West Point
Redoubt Four Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2012
4. Redoubt Four Marker
Map from Redoubt Four Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2012
5. Map from Redoubt Four Marker
View from Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2012
6. View from Marker
The site of Fort Clinton can be seen on the bank of the Hudson River, marked by the Kosciuszko monument (center of photo). The location of Fort Putnam is partially obscured by the trees, but the flagpole is visible at the right center of the photo.
Entrance to Redoubt Four image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2012
7. Entrance to Redoubt Four
Walls of Redoubt Four image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 15, 2012
8. Walls of Redoubt Four
Redoubt Four Seen from Fort Putnam image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
9. Redoubt Four Seen from Fort Putnam
Redoubt 4 is located at the high point of Rocky Hill seen in the center of the photo. This picture was taken from Fort Putnam, which Redoubt 4 was designed to protect.
Artillery in Fort Putnam image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, June 8, 2012
10. Artillery in Fort Putnam
This cannon is located in Fort Putnam. The spotting scope seen to the left of the cannon is pointed at Redoubt Four, which was the most important fortification for the defense of Fort Putnam. Photo 9 was taken from the site of the cannon.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 15, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 332 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on June 15, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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