Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
North Carolina Mutual Building
The North Carolina Mutual Building was built in 1909 by the N.C. Mutual and Provident Association, a black-owned life insurance company with an office here until the mid-1930s. Built as a two-story commercial building, with a third story added after 1927, it was part of the Washington Street business district, an important part of Columbia’s African -American community for most of the 20th century.
This building had stores on the first floor and offices on the upper floors. First-floor tenants included barbers and beauticians, tailors and dressmakers, and restaurants. Second and third floor tenants included insurance agents, doctors, and lawyers. The Palmetto Grand Lodge owned the building from 1927 to the early 1940s. The N.C. Mutual Building was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1995.
Erected 2011 by The Historic Columbia Foundation, the City of Columbia, and the S.C. Department of Transportation. (Marker Number 40-153.)
Location. 34° 0.197′ N, 81° 2.231′ W. Marker is in Columbia, South Carolina, in Richland County. Marker is on Washington Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Nathaniel J. Frederick House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Israelite Sunday School / Columbia's First Synagogue (about 300 feet away); The Big Apple (about 500 feet away); Victory Savings Bank (about 500 feet away); St. Peter's Church and Ursuline Convent (about 700 feet away); Washington Street (about 800 feet away); St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Courthouse Square (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
Regarding North Carolina Mutual Building. National Register of Historic Places:
North Carolina Mutual Building ** (added 1995 - - #94001570)
♦ Historic Significance: Event
♦ Area of Significance: Social History, Commerce, Black, Law
♦ Period of Significance: 1925-1949, 1900-1924
♦ Owner: Private
♦ Historic Function: Commerce/Trade, Social
♦ Historic Sub-function: Business, Meeting Hall, Professional, Restaurant, Specialty Store
♦ Current Function: Razed and removed
Built in 1909, this commercial building
Also see . . . North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company. "Since its beginning in 1898, North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company has grown to become one of the nation's most widely-known and successful business institutions. It is the only insurance company domiciled in North Carolina with a charter dated before 1900. North Carolina Mutual is the oldest and largest African American life insurance company in the United States. ..." (Submitted on June 17, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Categories. • African Americans • Industry & Commerce •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 17, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 418 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 18, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 5. submitted on June 17, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 6, 7. submitted on June 18, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.