Coinjock in Currituck County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal
Military Supply Route
The Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal opened in 1859, just before the Civil War began. It consisted of two “cuts” or locks: the first, in Virginia, linked the Elizabeth and North Landing Rivers south of Norfolk; the second, in North Carolina, joined Currituck Sound with the North River. Vessels could sail to and from Norfolk and Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds. Ships carried supplies via the canal to build Confederate Forts Hatteras and Clark on the Outer Banks. Between August 1861 and January 1862 more than 200 military vessels passed through the canal. Commodore W.F. Lynch wrote to Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen R. Mallory, [W]ithout the
On May 16, 1863 thirty Confederate partisans from Pasquotank County jumped from the nearby Coinjock Bridge onto the side-wheel steamer Arrow and captured the crew then steered the vessel alongside the steamer Emily as if nothing had happened. The partisans took both ships, flying the Stars and Stripes up Albemarle Sound, Chowan River, and Blackwater River to Franklin, Va. En route, they picked up five African Americans who hailed them not knowing the crews were Confederates The exploit made headlines in the North Carolina newspapers.
U.S. Congressman George W. Julian of Indiana, a Republican member of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, took the mail boat Fawn to Roanoke Island to find out whether sutlers there were price-gouging the soldiers to whom they sold goods. On February 9,1864, on the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal, Confederates attacked the ship, killed or wounded 7 people, captured 29 passengers including Julian, and burned the Fawn. Julian was soon released at Elizabeth City and continued to Roanoke Island.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Location. Touch for map. Located in Veterans Memorial Park. Marker is in this post office area: Coinjock NC 27923, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal (approx. half a mile away); Maple Leaf (approx. 5.4 miles away); Ray T. Adam's Landing Strip (approx. 6.8 miles away); The Whalehead Club Restoration (approx. 6.8 miles away); Duck Blinds (approx. 6.8 miles away); Waterfowl Resting Area (approx. 6.8 miles away); Corolla Island Bridges (approx. 6.8 miles away); Indiantown (approx. 6.8 miles away).
More about this marker. In the center is a photo of "George W. Julian" Courtesy Library of Congress
On the right is a map of the "Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal, ca. 1858" Courtesy University of North Carolina Libraries
Categories. • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 1, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 504 times since then and 76 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 1, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.