Ridgecrest in Buncombe County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
pioneers in crossing
Blue Ridge. General
against Cherokee passed
here, September, 1776.
Erected 1956 by Archives and Highway Departments. (Marker Number N-32.)
Location. 35° 37.216′ N, 82° 16.409′ W. Marker is in Ridgecrest, North Carolina, in Buncombe County. Marker is on Yates Avenue near Kitazuma Road, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Black Mountain NC 28711, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Swannanoa Tunnel (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Swannanoa Gap Engagement (approx. 0.2 miles away); Stoneman's Raid (approx. 0.3 miles away); Mount Mitchell Railroad (approx. 1½ miles away); Montreat College (approx. 2.7 miles away); André Michaux (approx. 2.7 miles away); Andrews Geyser (approx. 2.8 miles away); Geodesic Domes (approx. 3.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ridgecrest.
Regarding Swannanoa Gap. Swannanoa Gap sits on the Buncombe-McDowell County line near the head of the Catawba River. In the Blue Ridge Mountains, Swannanoa
Swannanoa Gap played a role in conflicts of the Revolutionary and Civil wars. The expedition led by General Griffith Rutherford against the Cherokee passed through the gap in September of 1776. The Cherokee had allied themselves with the British and had attacked white settlers in the western parts of North and South Carolina. To put an end to this Rutherford led a militia of 2,500 men in “scorched earth” warfare. By the end of the expedition, Rutherford and his men had destroyed thirty Indian towns. The Cherokee never fully recovered from the devastation.
One of the Civil War’s last cavalry raids occurred in April of 1865 at Swannanoa Gap. To protect Asheville from encroaching Federal troops led by Brigadier General Alvan Gillem, Confederate troops were placed in the gap. The confederate blockade of 500 men and four pieces of heavy artillery proved effective. However, Gillem moved his cavalry forty miles south and breached Confederate lines at Howard’s Gap. Confederate General James G. Martin surrendered soon after, but Federal troops
Categories. • Natural Features •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 2, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 484 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 2, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.