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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Clifton in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Devereux Station

Orange and Alexandria Railroad

 
 
Devereux Station Marker image. Click for full size.
July 4, 2012
1. Devereux Station Marker
Inscription. Devereux Station, constructed in 1863 on the Orange and Alexandria (O&A) Railroad, was located down the tracks to your left. After the Confederate army withdrew from northern Virginia toward Richmond in March 1862, the U.S. Military Railroad (USMRR) assumed control of all railways in Federal territory. The siding here, named for USMRR superintendent John Henry Devereux, supplied wood to fuel O&A locomotives.

The O&A was the Union army’s lifeline, efficiently moving provisions, equipment, and men from Alexandria deep into central Virginia. Confederate partisan units, such as the Chinquapin Rangers and Mosby’s Rangers, frequently attacked the line, the workers, and the Federal troops. With the support of pro-Confederate local residents, the partisan units were successful in disrupting Union railroad operations. In 1863, Gen. George G. Meade issued a proclamation on July 30 informing residents within ten miles of the railroad that they would be held responsible “for any injury done to the road, trains, depots or stations by citizens, guerrillas, or persons in disguise.” Meade also announced that if attacks did not cease, the entire population “of the district or the country along the railroad [would] be put across the lines, and their property taken for government use.” The threat was not carried out, although
Devereux Station Marker image. Click for full size.
July 4, 2012
2. Devereux Station Marker
individuals were detained periodically.

(Sidebar): Capt. James C. Kincheloe and his brother Sgt. William S. Kincheloe served with the Chinquapin Rangers. On November 25, 1863, this unit conducted a raid near Devereux Station. In retaliation, Union soldiers rounded up local residents considered suspicious, including the brothers’ father, John Kincheloe IV. The Kincheloe plantation was located approximately a mile south of here.
 
Erected 2012 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 46.85′ N, 77° 23.222′ W. Marker is in Clifton, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is on Main Street / Clifton Road (Virginia Route 645), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Clifton VA 20124, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sangster’s Station (a few steps from this marker); Buckley Store (within shouting distance of this marker); “Pink” House (within shouting distance of this marker); Weaver House (within shouting distance of this marker); Clifton Hotel
Devereux Station Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 14, 2017
3. Devereux Station Marker
A VRE train rushes by.
(within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Devereux Station (within shouting distance of this marker); Quigg House (within shouting distance of this marker); Detwiler House (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Clifton.
 
More about this marker. On the left side of the marker is a photo captioned Constructing Y switch at Devereux Station to allow trains to pull off and turn around - Courtesy National Archives & Records Administration. On the right side of the marker is a map captioned Orange & Alexandria Railroad - Courtesy Library of Congress. The marker sidebar features two portraits captioned Capt. James C. Kincheloe and Sgt. William S. Kincheloe both Courtesy Kincheloe Family.
 
Also see . . .
1. Proclamation. Headquarters Army Of The Potomac, July 30, 1863. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series 1 - Volume 27 (Part III) (Submitted on July 6, 2012.) 

2. The Orange & Alexandria Railroad. Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC) Web site (Submitted on July 6, 2012.) 
 
Categories. Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil
 
Photo on Marker - Devereux Station image. Click for full size.
4. Photo on Marker - Devereux Station
From National Archives and Records Administration No. 111-B-4877
Sgt. William S. Kincheloe image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 14, 2017
5. Sgt. William S. Kincheloe
Close-up of Kincheloe family photo on marker
Capt. James C. Kincheloe image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, November 14, 2017
6. Capt. James C. Kincheloe
Close-up of Kincheloe family photo on marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 6, 2012. This page has been viewed 697 times since then and 59 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 6, 2012.   3. submitted on November 16, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   4. submitted on July 6, 2012.   5, 6. submitted on November 16, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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