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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Port Royal in Caroline County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Earliest Inhabitants: Native Americans

 
 
The Earliest Inhabitants: Native Americans Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., July 11, 2012
1. The Earliest Inhabitants: Native Americans Marker
Inscription. Based on artifacts excavated in and around Port Royal, archaeologists estimate that the area was inhabited as early as 11,000 years ago. At the time the English arrived, the area was occupied by tribes united in a confederacy ruled by Powhatan. The Port Royal area was claimed by about 400-600 members of the Nantaughtacund tribe, one member of the confederacy. The tribes called the river "Rappahannock," meaning "alternating stream," in recognition of the ebb and flow of a tidal river. John Smith mapped the Rappahannock as far as Port Royal in 1608, and white men began to settle in the area in about 1650. The settlers were led by Colonel John Catlett, who was killed in a raid in 1670. By 1700, few Native American remained, but their heritage lives on in the names they bequeathed and the countless artifacts they left.
 
Erected by Historic Port Royal with funding made possible through the sponsorship of the Washington-Lewis Chapter, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution.
 
Location. 38° 10.236′ N, 77° 11.324′ W. Marker is in Port Royal, Virginia, in Caroline County. Marker is on Water Street, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Port Royal VA 22535, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
The Earliest Inhabitants: Native Americans Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., July 11, 2012
2. The Earliest Inhabitants: Native Americans Marker
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Port Royal (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Fox Tavern: A Colonial Landmark (about 500 feet away); a different marker also named Port Royal (about 700 feet away); Port Royal Harbor (about 700 feet away); Dorothy Roy (about 700 feet away); The Sacred Lot (approx. 0.2 miles away); Old Port Royal (approx. 0.2 miles away); This monument, until 1983 located on the Belle Grove Lawn (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Port Royal.
 
More about this marker. The caption on the picture reads, "From early spring until the first harvest of corn, Virginia Indians relied on fish caught close to the shore with spears, traps, and nets. After dark they ventured out in canoes lit with fires to attract night feeders. Paddlers steered between oyster reefs so large thery might sink a boat. [Photo Courtesy of the British Museum.]
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 15, 2012, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 486 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 15, 2012, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.
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