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Sonoma in Sonoma County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Lachryma Montis

Home of General M.G. Vallejo

 
 
Lachryma Montis Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
1. Lachryma Montis Marker
Inscription.
Erected 1851
Purchased by
State Park Commission
Through Funds Furnished by
The General Vallejo Memorial Association
And the People of the State of California
Donors Names Within Building

Plaque donated by Historic Landmarks Committee,
Native Sons of the Golden West
1933

 
Erected 1933 by Native Sons of the Golden West. (Marker Number 4.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Native Sons/Daughters of the Golden West marker series.
 
Location. 38° 17.929′ N, 122° 27.752′ W. Marker is in Sonoma, California, in Sonoma County. Marker can be reached from Third Street West. Touch for map. Entrance to the site is at West Spain Street and Third Street West. Marker is in this post office area: Sonoma CA 95476, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Depot Hotel – Cucina Rustica (approx. 0.3 miles away); Sonoma Depot (approx. 0.3 miles away); Salvador Vallejo Adobe (approx. 0.4 miles away); In This Cemetery is Buried Capt. William Smith
Lachryma Montis and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
2. Lachryma Montis and Marker
(approx. 0.4 miles away); Swiss Hotel (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Sonoma Cheese Factory (approx. 0.4 miles away); Servants Quarters (approx. 0.4 miles away); Toscano Hotel (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sonoma.
 
Regarding Lachryma Montis. This site was designated as California Registered Historical Landmark No.4, June 1, 1932 under the title General M.G. Vallejo Home.
Statement of Significance:
The home of General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, known as 'Lachryma Montis' (Tears of the Mountain), was built in 1850. Its name was derived from the springs that now are the source of Sonoma's water supply. General Vallejo, born at Monterey July 7, 1808, was commander of the northern Mexican frontier, founder of the Pueblo of Sonoma, and a member of the first Constitutional Convention of California.

Also see: Petaluma Adobe marker and all other nearby Sonoma markers for additional information.
 
Also see . . .
1. General Vallejo’s Home – “Lachryma Montis”. (Submitted on January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.)
Marker Located at the Main Entrance of Park on West Spain Street image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
3. Marker Located at the Main Entrance of Park on West Spain Street
This was the Home
of
GENERAL MARIANO GUALDALUPE VALLEJO
Founder of the Town of Sonoma 1835
Military Commandante of Alta California 1838
Placed by the Historic Landmarks Committee Native Sons of the Golden West
1926

2. PBS – The West – One Sky Above. Lachryma Montis “Tears of the Mountain” (Submitted on January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.) 

3. General Mariano G. Vallejo (1808-1890). (Submitted on January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.)
4. The Bancroft Library – The Early Years. (Submitted on January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.)
5. General Mariana Vallejo. Lachryma Montis (General M.G. Vallejo Home) (Submitted on January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.) 

6. Grave Site of General M.C. Vallejo. Located at Mountain Cemetery - Sonoma, California (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo Home
General M.G. Vallejo built the house for his growing family in 1851. Called Lachryma Montis (Tears of the Mountain), the property was named for its spring which supplies the farm and town of Sonoma with water, using redwood pipes.
This New England pre-fab two-story house is a fine example of Gothic Revival; the interior is furnished with many of the original Vallejo furnishings. Also on the property is the Swiss Chalet style, prefab, building originally used by General Vallejo
Wide View of Marker at Entrance to Historic Park image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
4. Wide View of Marker at Entrance to Historic Park
as a storehouse for wines and olives; it is now the museum.
After Vallejo’s death in 1890, his fifteenth child, Luisa Vallejo Emparan, owned the house. The State purchased the property in 1933 and now maintains it as a State Historic Monument.
Source: Sonoma Walking Tour Brochure
    — Submitted January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.

2. Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo
Former Mexican Commandante General, Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo was enthusiastic about prospects in the “new” California. A member of the first State Constitutional Convention, he soon was elected to serve in the first Legislature as a State Senator. Later, he was appointed treasurer of the California Horticultural Board. He also found time in his acive life to write a five volume history of California.
Source: Vallejo Home Sonoma State Historic Park Brochure
    — Submitted January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.

3. Photo Descriptions
The descriptions of the photos are from the Vallejo Home Sonoma State Historic Park Brochure.
    — Submitted January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado
Marker Located at Parking Area of Historical Park image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
5. Marker Located at Parking Area of Historical Park
Mariano Vallejo and “Mountain Tears”
Welcome to “Lachryma Montis,” the home Mariano G. Vallejo built after California became an American state. General Vallejo was a leading military and political figure in this Mexican province before U.S. annexation, commanding its northern frontier for 14 years. He also owned two large ranchos, Soscol and Petaluma, which totaled more than 175,000 acres. Recognizing Mexico’s inability to govern faraway California, Vallejo supported the American takeover and later served as a senator in the first state legislature.
Vallejo’s house, finished in 1852, reflects his transition from Mexican to American culture – the Gothic-Victorian is insulated with adobe, a typical Mexican building material. Lachryma Montis, Latin for “mountain tears,” refers to a nearby spring that once supplied water to Vallejo’s estate and the town of Sonoma. Vallejo grew a large variety of trees and crops here and became a respected horticulturist known for a willingness to share his knowledge.
Note: Marker displays a sketch of General Vallejo and a site map of the park.
Hills, California.

 
Categories. AgricultureIndustry & CommerceSettlements & Settlers
 
Lachryma Montis image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
6. Lachryma Montis
General Vallejo proudly referred to his new home as his "Yankee Home" and "Boston House." This new home was a great departure from the traditional adobe house the family once occupied close by. Built from a pre-fabricated wood frame manufactured in the northeast it represented an interest in Gothic architecture.
Back View of Lachryma Montis image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
7. Back View of Lachryma Montis
The Cookhouse image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
8. The Cookhouse
A large central room is the servants dining area. Stairs lead to a storage loft and informal sleeping quarters. At one time family meals were cooked here and taken to the Dining Room through the back hallway door. The west room served as a laundry and small scullery. The east room was used as a dormitory by the Chinese cook who replaced earlier Indian cooks.
"El Delirio" image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
9. "El Delirio"
The name suggests a place of bliss and ecstasy. It was here in Vallejo's later years he rewrote his History of California.
During the Spring and Summer it was sometimes used as a guest cottage. In earlier years the pavilion was located close to the reservoir and used as a changing room.
Luisa Vallejo Emparan Marker Located at the Foot of the Steps Leading to The Hermitage image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
10. Luisa Vallejo Emparan Marker Located at the Foot of the Steps Leading to The Hermitage
Dedicated to
LUISA VALLEJO EMPARAN
Daughter of
GENERAL MARIANO GUADALUPE VALLEJO
and
DONA FRANCISCA BENICIA CARRILLO
First Curator, 1933 – 1943, Vallejo Home
Here she was born Jan. 27, 1856 and where
she was married August 23, 1882 to
DON RICARDO DE EMPARAN
and where her children were born,
ANITA, CARLOS and RICHARD RAOUL.
Luisa Vallejo Emparan Marker (See Photo 10) and Steps Leading to the Reservoir and The Hermitage image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
11. Luisa Vallejo Emparan Marker (See Photo 10) and Steps Leading to the Reservoir and The Hermitage
The reservoir was constructed in the early 1850's to collect water from the springs in the hills above. The water was used for the estate crops, gardens and house. During the 1870's Vallejo developed the Sonoma Water Works to supplement his income and to supply water to local residents around the town square.
The Hermitage image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
12. The Hermitage
Often called Napoleon's Cabin after Vallejo's youngest son, this is a reconstruction. There is written family evidence that The Hermitage was actually built for Napoleon's older brother Platon, for his use during school vacations.
The Swiss Chalet image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 10, 2009
13. The Swiss Chalet
This Tudor style building once served as a storage house and granary. The building componets are thought to have been imported from Europe and elsewhere due to the construction material shortage during the Gold Rush era.
Today this building serves as the Visitor Center and Museum.
General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo image. Click for full size.
Bancroft Library
14. General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo
The Chalet image. Click for full size.
By Pacific Novelty Co. San Francisco-Los Angeles
15. The Chalet
Description on Postcard:
An Old Landmark on Gen.Vallejo's Homestead, Sonoma, Cal.
Lachryma Montis image. Click for full size.
By Dorothy Pingree, Sonoma, Ca
16. Lachryma Montis
Description on postcard:
LACHRYMA MONTIS (Mountain Tear), home of General MarianoG. Vallejo in Sonoma, California. Built in 1850, the home - now a museum - is a State Historical Monument, open to the public, under direction of the California Division of Beaches and Parks.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California. This page has been viewed 2,208 times since then and 72 times this year. Last updated on July 20, 2012, by Michael Kindig of Long Beach, California. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. submitted on January 14, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   14. submitted on January 13, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   15, 16. submitted on January 17, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.
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