Berlin, Germany — Northeast German Plain (The European Plain)
Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer
[Berlin Wall Monument]
German Text: …
The Berlin Wall became an international symbol of the division of Germany after the Second World War and also of the Cold War between East and West.
The construction of the Berlin Wall began on August 13, 1961. The government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) built this more than 150-km-long barrier to hermetically seal off East Berlin and the rest of the GDR. More than 2.7 million people had fled the GDR between October 1949 and August 1961, the majority of them across border separating Berlin’s Eastern and Western sectors. The Wall was designed to halt this stream of refugees and make it impossible to cross the border unchecked.
The installation consisted of several sections: a “front wall” and a “hinterland wall,” an inner track with a patrol path, watchtowers, and barrier fortifications. By 1989, at least 136 people had lost their lives at the Wall, 98 of them while trying to flee. Most of them were shot down by GDR border guards.
Reforms in the Soviet Union and the rapidly growing protest movement in the GDR population, but also the flight of thousands of GDR citizens via Eastern European countries, led to the peaceful “fall” of the Wall on November 9, 1989. Soon afterwards, the first sections of the barrier were torn down. Even before the reunification of Germany on October 3, 1990, the Wall had largely disappeared from the Berlin cityscape.
At the request of the Topography of Terror, the remaining 200 meters of the Wall at Niederkirchnerstrase, which marked the border between the districts of Mitte (East Berlin) and Kreuzberg (West Berlin) have been preserved with all the traces of destruction that occurred during the transitional period. This fragment of the Wall, designated a historical monument in 1990, now forms part of the Topography of Terror Documentation Center. As one of the few surviving sections of the Wall in the city, it is also one of the central sites in the “Overall Concept for the Berlin Wall” developed by the Berlin Senate.
Erected by Topography of Terror Documentation Center.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Berlin Wall marker series.
Location. 52° 30.422′ N, 13° 22.958′ E. Marker is in Berlin, Berlin. Marker is on Niederkirchnerstraße just east of Stresemannstraße, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Niederkirchnerstraße 8, Berlin 10963, Germany.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Remains of the Berlin Wall (a few steps from this marker); Topography of Terror (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Baudenkmal Berliner Mauer (about 180 meters away, measured in a direct line); Checkpoint Charlie Site (approx. half a kilometer away); The Legend of Hitler’s Bunker (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Pariser Platz (approx. 1.1 kilometers away); Soviet War Memorial (approx. 1.3 kilometers away); Max Planck (approx. 1.4 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berlin.
Also see . . . Topography of Terror. (Submitted on July 20, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Topographie
Categories. • 20th Century • Notable Places • Politics • War, Cold •
Credits. This page was last revised on August 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 10, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 750 times since then and 25 times this year. Last updated on July 24, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 10, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 3, 4. submitted on July 20, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.