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Bentonville in Johnston County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Union Artillery at the Morris Farm

 
 
Union Artillery at the Morris Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
1. Union Artillery at the Morris Farm Marker
Inscription. A point approximately 400 yards in front of you marks the center of a line of Union cannons positioned on the Morris Farm on March 19, 1865. These massed guns played a significant role in blunting the final Confederate attacks on the first day of fighting at Bentonville. Four batteries (of four guns each) were arrayed on both sides of a ravine, north of the Goldsboro Road. These sixteen guns held commanding angles of fire across the open fields to your right and behind you. An additional four-gun battery in position south of the road was joined by one gun of the 19th Indiana Battery. The 19th Indiana saw dramatic action earlier in the day at Cole’s plantation, where three of its guns were captured during the main Confederate attack. In the most intense artillery barrage of the three-day engagement at Bentonville, Union batteries on the Morris farm punished Confederate troops with spherical case shot and canister rounds at close range.

“The Rebs…undertook to carry a new line I established, in the angle of which I left a marshy interval commanded at canister distance by twelve pieces of [XX Corps] artillery….They were terribly punished….They left lots of dead officers and men, especially when the canister swept them on the left front.”
Bvt. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams, commanding XX Corps.

“The
Marker on the Bentonville Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 3, 2010
2. Marker on the Bentonville Battlefield
enemy’s…artillery…concealed in the woods was very deadly….About half of our regiments….had come out into the open, in a field where these was nothing to conceal or protect them….Our men fell rapidly….under what seemed a tremendous concentrated firing upon us.”

Pvt. Robert W. Sanders, 2nd South Carolina Artillery (fighting infantry, Elliot’s Brigade)

“The five batteries were opened at a distance less than seven hundred yards, throwing canister and spherical case into the wavering mass of rebels, the discharges being as rapid for a time as the ticks of a lever watch. Smoke settled down over the guns as it grew dark…and the flashes seen through it seemed like a steady, burning fire, and powder and peach blossoms perfumed the air….Captain Winegar…who ‘drew a good bow’ at Gettysburg and Chancellorsville, says ne never witnessed such artillery fire.”
E.D. Westfall, New York Herald correspondent present with the Union XX Corps during the battle for the Morris farm.

“[The artillery was] so loud that we had to yell to make our nearest neighbors understand us…while the ground trembled under our feet.”
William Grunert, Illinois soldier in Case’s brigade.
 
Erected 2005 by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
 
Location. 35° 18.502′ 
Morris Farm Site image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
3. Morris Farm Site
Confederate troops charged across this field on March 19, 1865, but were cut down by the Union artillery positioned here.
N, 78° 18.565′ W. Marker is in Bentonville, North Carolina, in Johnston County. Marker is on Harper House Road (County Route 1008), on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Four Oaks NC 27524, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Attacks (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate High Tide (within shouting distance of this marker); Federal Artillery (approx. ¼ mile away); Confederate Main Charge (approx. 0.3 miles away); Union Headquarters (approx. 0.3 miles away); General Joseph Eggleston Johnston (approx. half a mile away); Battle of Bentonville: March 19-21, 1865 (approx. 0.6 miles away); Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston (approx. 0.6 miles away).
 
More about this marker. The top section of the marker contains two photographs from the National Archives of Civil War artillery, with the caption “The Federal artillery units at Bentonville looked similar to those in these two images.” The bottom section of the marker contains a battle map, an illustration of a Canister and spherical case shot.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Take a tour of the Roadside Exhibits erected on the Battle of Bentonville for the 140th anniversary
Confederate High Tide Tour Stop image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
4. Confederate High Tide Tour Stop
The Union Artillery at the Morris Farm marker is one of two at this tour stop.
of the battle, on March 14, 2005.
 
Also see . . .
1. Bentonville Battlefield. North Carolina Historic Sites website. (Submitted on March 1, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Roadside Exhibits at Bentonville. (Submitted on March 1, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Union Artillery at the Morris Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, October 10, 2012
5. Union Artillery at the Morris Farm Marker
View to the west towards the Union artillery positions
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 1, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,723 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on March 1, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   2. submitted on August 13, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4. submitted on March 1, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5. submitted on January 20, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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