Berkeley Springs in Morgan County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
A Winter Refuge
Berkeley Springs Hotel
—Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —
On January 4, 1862, after a day-long battle for the town of Bath (present-day Berkeley Springs), Confederate soldiers in the Stonewall Brigade commandeered the hotel and the buildings surrounding the springs for relief from the sting of the harsh winter weather. The Union family of Federal officer David Hunter Strother (who was also a writer and artist who called himself Porte Crayon) owned the hotel. The Confederates damaged the hotel and its furnishings, in part by breaking up furniture or firewood.
Pvt. William Kinzer, 4th Virginia Infantry, wrote in his diary that as the sun set over the snow-covered mountains, “Our company is quartered in a parlor of the Spring Hotel. Mattresses
Other Confederate soldiers, however, were not as fortunate. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson ordered Gen. William W. Loring’s brigade forward to attack Union positions at Great Cacapon, Sir Johns Run, and Hancock, and Loring’s men marched on in the snow until 2:A. M. Bitterness over the apparent favoritism shown to the Stonewall Brigade at Bath festered within Loring’s ranks for the rest of the campaign. The resulting turmoil and dissension within the army culminated at Romney three weeks later, when Jackson and the Stonewall Brigade returned to Winchester first, followed by Loring, thereby reversing Jackson’s gains in what had been a successful winter campaign.
"I was permitted to take ... part of my company into the vacated Berkeley Springs hotel. ... There was 'the banquet hall deserted'; the men took possession of that and soon had a fire roaring in the wide chimney. There was the ball room, empty, and echoing departed music and merriment and the soft sound of dancing feet." - Lt. Henry Kyd Douglas, 2nd Virginia Infantry
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 110 Washington Street, Berkeley Springs WV 25411, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Robert Carter Willis (a few steps from this marker); Thomas Lawson and John Orr (a few steps from this marker); Center of Hospitality (a few steps from this marker); Sam Purviance, George Irwin (a few steps from this marker); Fielding Lewis (within shouting distance of this marker); Harry Dorsey Gough (within shouting distance of this marker); Charles Dick (within shouting distance of this marker); Robert Throckmorton, Jr. (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berkeley Springs.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 22, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 472 times since then and 61 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 22, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. 2. submitted on September 10, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. 3. submitted on July 16, 2013. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.