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Berkeley Springs in Morgan County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Campaign in the Snow

Jackson Captures Bath and Romney

 

—Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —

 
Campaign in the Snow Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
1. Campaign in the Snow Marker
Inscription. The summer of 1861 had been disastrous for Confederate arms in western Virginia (present day West Virginia) and by the New Year the Virginia counties west of the Alleghenies were on the road to statehood. On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, with 8,500 men and 26 cannons, began a winter campaign to disrupt Federal control. By seizing the county seats of Bath (present-day Berkeley Springs) and Romney, he could threaten Cumberland, Maryland, and advance toward Parkersburg along the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

Jackson’s forces suffered terribly from freezing rain and snow, and an estimated 2,000 soldiers fell, not to bullets, but to sickness and disease. Jackson seized Bath after three running battles and shelling Hancock, Maryland, across the Potomac River. Advancing on Romney, Jackson’s men suffered the worst day of the campaign on January 7, hauling guns and wagons up icy roads and suffering broken arms and legs.

The Federal garrison evacuated Romney on January 10, as the frozen, weary Confederates approached. They entered unopposed on January 14. While the campaign had been a success, illness rendered many men unfit for further service. Squabbles between Jackson and his subordinates—Gens. William W. Loring and Richard B. Garnett---divided and demoralized the command.
Campaign in the Snow Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
2. Campaign in the Snow Marker
Abandoning plans to attack Cumberland and move farther west, on January 23, Jackson marched the Stonewall Brigade back to Winchester. Confederate authorities then ordered him to evacuate Loring’s brigades from Romney, rendering a month of privation and hard-won gains for naught.

"I don't think I was ever more disgusted with the war than then. During this trip my patriotism has at times been put to very severe tests & I am sorry to say has sometimes been at very low ebb." - Confederate Pvt. Randolph Fairfax, Rockbridge Light Artillery
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 37.596′ N, 78° 13.638′ W. Marker is in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, in Morgan County. Marker is at the intersection of Fairfax Street and North Washington Street (West Virginia Highway 9) on Fairfax Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 92 Fairfax Street, Berkeley Springs WV 25411, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Sons and Daughters of Morgan County ( here, next to this marker); Battle for Bath ( a few steps from this marker); Morgan County Veteran's Monument ( a few steps from this marker); Berkeley Springs / James Rumsey ( within shouting distance of this marker); Lot owned by George Washington ( within shouting distance of this marker); Centennial Time Capsule ( within shouting distance of this marker); Washington Heritage Trail ( about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Berkeley Springs Baths ( about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berkeley Springs.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 22, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 429 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on August 22, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   2. submitted on September 10, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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