Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Dunn in Harnett County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Battle of Averasboro

Sherman’s Left Wing Departs Averasboro

 

—Carolinas Campaign —

 
Battle of Aversboro - Sherman’s Left Wing Departs Averasboro image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
1. Battle of Aversboro - Sherman’s Left Wing Departs Averasboro
This marker is part of the Carolinas Campaign series of the North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Inscription. (Preface):The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy’s logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston’s last-ditch attach at Bentonville. After Sherman was reinforced at Goldsboro late in March, Johnston saw the futility of further resistance and surrendered on April 26, essentially ending the Civil War.
***
As Gen. William T. Sherman marched north from Fayetteville, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston positioned his army near Smithville, uncertain whether Sherman’s destination was Raleigh or Goldsboro. On March 15, 1865, the head of Sherman’s Left Wing struck Confederate Gen. William J. Hardee’s skirmishers guarding the road just south of Averasboro. Hardee struck back, and the fight began. After several bloody attacks and counterattacks, Hardee withdrew during the night of March 16, and Sherman turned toward Goldsboro.

After the delay of his army’s Left Wing at the Battle of Averasboro, Gen. William T. Sherman marched most of it past this point en route to Goldsboro. He sent
Battle of Averasboro Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 3, 2010
2. Battle of Averasboro Marker
some of the troops in pursuit of the Confederates to maintain the appearance of moving towards Raleigh. Sherman’s wagons carried 500 Union wounded, and part of his force crossed the flooded Black River one mile west of here. Early on the morning of March 19, 1865, Sherman and his staff departed the Left Wing to join Gen. Oliver O. Howard’s Right Wing between Bentonville and Goldsboro.

Gen. William J. Hardee’s command, meanwhile, had withdrawn through Averasboro and east of the Black River into Johnston County. There his troops reassembled in the elevated area about fifteen miles from Averasboro, then marched east to join Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and the main body of Confederates near Bentonville. Hardee left more than 600 wounded men in the care of physicians and civilians at the plantation houses on the Averasboro battlefield and in the town. Later, wounded Confederates from both Averasboro and Bentonville traveled by rail from Smithfield to a Thomasville hospital.

(Sidebar): The town of Averasboro was located on the Cape Fear River three miles north of the battlefield and five miles west of here. Averasboro had a post office, stage stop, sawmill, ferry, and as many as 700 inhabitants depending upon the river commerce at the time. The Fayetteville to Raleigh Stage Road passed directly through Averasboro. The town, which was abandoned by early 1900s in favor
Battle of Averasboro Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 3, 2010
3. Battle of Averasboro Marker
of sites closer to the railroad, lay in the path of Sherman’s Left Wing.
 
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 35° 16.5′ N, 78° 37.54′ W. Marker is near Dunn, North Carolina, in Harnett County. Marker is at the intersection of Norma Drive and Longbranch Road, on the left when traveling south on Norma Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Dunn NC 28334, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Sherman's March (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Averasboro (approx. 2.2 miles away); G. B. Cashwell (approx. 2.4 miles away); Lebanon (approx. 2.6 miles away); North Carolina (approx. 2.7 miles away); Averasboro Battlefield Museum (approx. 2.7 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Averasboro (approx. 2.7 miles away); South Carolina Troops at Battle of Averasboro, NC (approx. 2.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dunn.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays portraits of Gens. Sherman, Hardee, and Johnson in the upper center. Below the portraits a campaign
Battle map detail image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
4. Battle map detail
map depicts the movements of the armies at this stage of the Carolinas Campaign.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Averasboro. Civil War Album offers several pages of photos of the Averasboro battlefield. (Submitted on January 28, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Civil War Traveler. North Carolina Civil War Trails. (Submitted on March 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,240 times since then and 61 times this year. Last updated on March 2, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. Photos:   1. submitted on January 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   2, 3. submitted on August 3, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4. submitted on January 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement