Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Booker T. Washington High School
1916 - 1974
From the day it opened its doors in 1916 Booker T. Washington High School played a major roll in the life of Columbia's black community. Originally a school with all grades, eventually it evolved into a Junior-Senior High School, until 1948 when Booker T. Washington was the only high school for blacks in the city. When the school closed its doors in 1974 nearly 90% of the of the black high school graduates in Columbia had something in common - they had all graduated from Booker T. Washington. To the young men and women of several generations, Booker T. Washington was the source of learning and intellectual development, a home for the greater part of the day, and a community center.
The school had as great an influence on the black community as it did on its students. Concerts, dramatic presentations, operettas, and other public performances were a part of the cultural life of the community. Commencement exercises at the school were events long remembered by the community. Many parents who had come from humble beginnings saw their dreams unfold as they sat in the audience and watched their sons and daughters receive their High School Diplomas.
A building is but bricks and mortar, subject to decay
Therefore, in recognition of the influence of Booker T. Washington High School in the development and education of the black youth of the city of Columbia and of its significance in the life of the black community of the city. The University of South Carolina has caused this plaque to be erected so that the building which nourished the spirit of all Washingtonians shall be forever remembered. Erected in the City of Columbia in the year of the 200th anniversary of the Independence of the United States, the 175th anniversary of the founding of the University of South Carolina and the anniversary of the opening of Booker T. Washington High School.
The original Booker T. Washington High School building was demolished in 1975. Some of the bricks from this historic structure were used in the paving of the university's Horseshoe.
Erected by City of Columbia , The University of South Carolina.
Location. 33° 59.595′ N, 81° Touch for map. Located on campus of the University of South Carolina, near Washington Auditorium, westside sidewalk between Blossom and Wheat Streets. Marker is in this post office area: Columbia SC 29201, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gladden Home Site (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Blossom Street (approx. 0.2 miles away); Site of Parade Ground (approx. ¼ mile away); Mexican Border and World War Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away); "Commissioners' Oak" (approx. 0.3 miles away); President's House (approx. 0.3 miles away); Rutledge College (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Rutledge College (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
Regarding Booker T. Washington High School. The two-story main building - Booker T. Washington School, built in 1916, stood until 1975. At first an elementary school with grades 1-10, it became Booker T. Washington High School with grades 9-10 in 1918, added grade 11 in 1924, and added grade 12 in 1947. Columbia’s only black high school from 1917 to 1948 and for many years the largest black high school in the state, it closed in 1974.
Booker T. Washington High, one of the first black high schools accredited by the S.C. Dept. of Education, was also one of the most significant institutions in Columbia’s black community for more than fifty years. Notable principals included C.A. Johnson, 1916-1931; J. Andrew Simmons, 1932-1945; and Harry B. Rutherford, 1950-1965. The University of S.C. bought the property in 1974 and demolished the main building in 1975. (South Carolina Department of Archives and History)
Categories. • African Americans • Education •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 1, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 465 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 4, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.