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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Occupied Chattanooga

The Waterfront

 
 
Occupied Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 1, 2012
1. Occupied Chattanooga Marker
Inscription. Chattanooga's Tennessee River waterfront underwent major changes during the Civil War. The Confederate troops who occupied the town in the spring of 1862 constructed forts and batteries near the river. When Union Gen. William S. Rosecrans army shelled Chattanooga in August 1863, three forts lined the riverfront from near the present-day Hunter Museum of Art on your left to Cameron Hill on your right across the river.

During the Union army's occupation of Chattanooga (Sept. 9, 1863 - Summer 1865), the appearance of the riverfront again changed dramatically. Extensive logging operations stripped trees from the hills along the riverbank. A large sawmill at the base of Cameron Hill turned the felled timber into planks and framing for warehouses and other military structures that were built throughout the town. The army constructed a naval yard st Ross's Landing to repair and maintain the boats that ferried supplies into Chattanooga. Soldiers also built a wooden bridge - the first to span the Tennessee River at Chattanooga (it washed away in a massive flood in 1867).

Escaped slaves lived near the river at Camp Contraband, as it was called. They provided labor for the Union construction projects, and many of the adult men joined the U.S. Colored Troops. On November 26, 1864, a camp census counted 3,893 residents. Col.
Occupied Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 1, 2012
2. Occupied Chattanooga Marker
Close-up view of one of the pictures displayed on the marker. The caption reads, "Military bridge and a steamboat that brought supplies to Chattanooga."
J.E. MacGowan supervised the camp; after the war, he served as editor of the Chattanooga Times.
 
Erected by the Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 35° 3.607′ N, 85° 18.556′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is on River Street west of Tremont Street. Touch for map. This historic marker is located along the north side of the river, in a community park, along a river walking trail, almost directly below where the "John Ross Bridge" crosses the Tennessee River. Marker is in this post office area: Chattanooga TN 37403, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 1838 Cherokee Removal & Trail of Tears (a few steps from this marker); Camp Contraband (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); United States Colored Troops (about 300 feet away); Union Block House (about 400 feet away); 1864 Military Bridge (about 500 feet away); Trail of Tears (approx. mile away); 1790 John Ross 1866 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Chattanooga's First Citizens (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Occupied Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 1, 2012
3. Occupied Chattanooga Marker
Close-up view of one of the pictures displayed on the marker. The caption reads, "Military bridge, warehouses, navy yard, and army-operated sawmill, with Cameron Hill in background, from the north shore of the Tennessee River."
Occupied Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 1, 2012
4. Occupied Chattanooga Marker
View of the historic marker on the north side of the Tennessee River, with Chattanooga in the background and the John Ross Bridge seen overhead.
Occupied Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 1, 2012
5. Occupied Chattanooga Marker
View of the historic marker looking west along the riverfront walking trail.
Occupied Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 1, 2012
6. Occupied Chattanooga Marker
View of the historic marker looking east, with a view of the "Delta Queen" (which is currently operating as a floating boutique hotel) in the background.
Occupied Chattanooga Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 1, 2012
7. Occupied Chattanooga Marker
View from across the Tennessee River. The historic marker would be seen just to the left of the "John Ross Bridge," and the "Delta Queen" is seen on the right side of the bridge.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 3, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 495 times since then and 62 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on September 3, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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