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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hancock in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Hancock's Orchard Industry

 
 
Hancock's Orchard Industry Marker image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 2, 2008
1. Hancock's Orchard Industry Marker
Inscription. Hancock and its surrounding area during the main span of the 20th century was one of the largest fruit producers in the nation. In 1886 Edmund Pendleton Cohill began the cultivation of fruit crops. Over the years his planted acreage increased, and Cohill formed the Tonoloway Orchard Company.

Other company and family names followed, among them: Millstone Orchard Company, Locher Orchards, Daniels, Funk, R.S. Dillon, Corona Orchard Company, Round Top Orchard Company, Green Lane, Roy Daniels, John Mason and L. Resley, as well as Hepburn Orchards. Over time, many of them were incorporated into larger companies such as Fairview Orchards.

At the industrial peak in the mid 1940-60's, five thousand acres produced apples, peaches, cherries, and plums, which were shipped to "fresh markets" and canning factories. "Fancy Packs" were shipped abroad. Laborers from Florida, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica helped local farmers harvest each fall, giving a huge boost to the local economy. Cold storage warehouses stored the excess fruit until markets opened for the fruit.

The bulk of the industry went into decline in the 1970-80 period due to labor problems. Most of the area, once a fruit basked for the nation, now lies fallow.

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Packing shed bearing the logo for Andy’s Candy brand.

Production
Fruit trees, the marker and the National Road image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 2, 2008
2. Fruit trees, the marker and the National Road
line circa 1930-40. The packing houses provided seasonal employment for many through late summer through fall seasons.

Promotional display for National Apple Week.

Cohill Orchards in spring bloom.
 
Location. 39° 41.968′ N, 78° 11.049′ W. Marker is in Hancock, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is on West Main Street (Maryland Route 144) west of Methodist Avenue, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hancock MD 21750, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Tonoloways ( about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Coombe ( about 500 feet away); Hancock ( about 700 feet away); a different marker also named Hancock ( about 700 feet away); Discover the Trail ( approx. ¼ mile away); Major James Breathed ( approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Hancock ( approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Discover the Trail ( approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hancock.
 
Categories. AgricultureIndustry & Commerce
 
Hancock's Orchard Industry Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 24, 2016
3. Hancock's Orchard Industry Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 25, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 3, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. This page has been viewed 2,950 times since then and 126 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on March 3, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.   3. submitted on July 25, 2016, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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