Houston in Harris County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Origins of Freedman's Town
Freedman's Town quickly became the economic and cultural center of Houston's African American population, growing throughout the 1880s and 1890s. The neighborhood stretched from Buffalo Bayou south to Sutton Street, and west from Milam and Travis streets to Taft Street. A streetcar line was built west along what is now W. Dallas Street, and another line ran along Andrews to present Wilson Street, and north to Robin Street. Portions of the district, which included farmland, remained sparsely settled for several decades. The neighborhood changed as residents built many small wood-frame cottages, as well as a number of larger T-plan and L-plan houses. Commercial structures included several corner grocery stores and restaurants, as well as apartment buildings and boardinghouses.
Historic churches such as Antioch Missionary Baptist, Good Hope Missionary Baptist, Shiloh Missionary Baptist, St. James United Methodist and Bethel Baptist played important roles in the community.
Erected 2005 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 13317.)
Location. 29° 45.473′ N, 95° 22.51′ W. Marker is in Houston, Texas, in Harris County. Marker is at the intersection of West Dallas Street and Heiner Street, on the right when traveling west on West Dallas Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Houston TX 77002, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Amos B. Edson (approx. 0.2 miles away); Sam Houston Park Monument (approx. ¼ mile away); Augustus Chapman Allen (approx. ¼ mile away); John Kirby Allen (1810-1838) (approx. ¼ mile away); Sons of the Republic of Texas (approx. ¼ mile away); Ancient Order of Pilgrims (approx. ¼ mile away); Pillot House San Felipe Cottage (was approx. ¼ mile away but has been reported missing. ). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Houston.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. Houston''s Fourth Ward (Fredman''s Town). The Handbook of Texas Online, Texas State Historical Association (Submitted on September 17, 2012, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
2. Houston''s Fourth Ward (Freedman''s Town). Wikipedia (Submitted on September 17, 2012, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
Categories. • African Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 17, 2012, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 527 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 17, 2012, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.