Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Tyler in Smith County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Camp Ford Stockade

Confederate Prisoner of War Camp

 

—Union Prisoners —

 
Camp Ford Stockade Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, September 17, 2012
1. Camp Ford Stockade Marker
Inscription. The initial prisoners to arrive at Camp Ford were kept in the open with no stockade. Panic resulted with the arrival with over 600 prisoners October 23, 1863. The Camp Commander, Col. R.T.P. Allen, with only 40 guards, discovered a plot among the prisoners for a mass break out. Planters in the area were called upon to bring their slaves and erect a stockade. The work commenced on November 11 and within 10 days an area of about three and a half acres was enclosed with a wall made of split logs standing sixteen feet out of the ground.
   The west wall ran about ten yards east of this location. The main gate was not discovered during the archaeological work, but is thought to be about 75 yards to the south. Immediately outside the gate was the "wolf pen" where prisoners would be held for disciplinary reasons, as well as a cabin for the officer on guard.
 
Erected by Smith County Historical Society.
 
Location. 32° 23.809′ N, 95° 16.052′ W. Marker is in Tyler, Texas, in Smith County. Marker can be reached from U.S. 271 near Loop Texas Highway 323. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tyler TX 75702, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Camp Ford (within shouting distance
Camp Ford Stockade Marker image. Click for full size.
By Camp Ford Stockade Marker, September 17, 2012
2. Camp Ford Stockade Marker
Period drawing of slaves building a stockade. The work here would have been similar.
of this marker); a different marker also named Camp Ford (within shouting distance of this marker); Cabin of Lt. Col. J.B. Leake (within shouting distance of this marker); Camp Ford - Establishment of the Camp (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Camp Ford Confederate Guards (about 300 feet away); Camp Ford - Early Days as a Prison Camp (about 300 feet away); Camp Ford - Prisoners from Louisiana (about 300 feet away); African Americans at Camp Ford (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tyler.
 
Regarding Camp Ford Stockade. Camp Ford was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War Camp west of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. Established in August of 1863, the camp was not closed until May 19, 1865. At its peak in July 1864, over 5,300 prisoners were detained there. (Smith County Historical Society)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Camp Ford Stockade recreation image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, September 17, 2012
3. Camp Ford Stockade recreation
1936 State of Texas marker: Camp Ford stockade prison of Federal soldiers during the Civil War image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, September 17, 2012
4. 1936 State of Texas marker: Camp Ford stockade prison of Federal soldiers during the Civil War
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 21, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 24, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 315 times since then and 39 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 28, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
Paid Advertisement