Flagstaff in Coconino County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
The Citadel / Natural Features
It was a remarkable achievement, to use primitive mortar and local stones to build the walls above you straight up from the edge of the top of the rock. “The Citadel” is the modern name given to this ruin because of its location, but archeologists wonder why the Anasazi often built in high, hard-to-get-at places. Some theories say it was defensive. Others say it was to avoid building on croplands, or for sun and breeze. Or was it more simple? Today we often build on hilltops because it is dramatic and beautiful.
The large circular “sink” behind you is a natural depression that occurs in limestone. Sinks are caused by a crack system that allows rainwater to dissolve limestone and collapse anything above it. They do not hold water. Beyond the sink rise the San Francisco Peaks. These volcanic mountains are the highest point in Arizona. Modern day Hopi and Navajo people consider these mountains sacred.
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. 35° 33.949′ N, 111° 28.304′ W. Marker is in Flagstaff, Arizona, in Coconino County. Marker is on Loop Road, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. From Flagstaff,
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Village/Abandonment (here, next to this marker); Community (within shouting distance of this marker); Where Were The Fields? (within shouting distance of this marker); Nalakihu (within shouting distance of this marker); A Legacy of the Past (approx. 0.8 miles away); Box Canyon Ruins (approx. 0.8 miles away); Dry Land Farming (approx. 0.9 miles away); Ancient Landscapes (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Flagstaff.
Categories. • Anthropology • Environment • Native Americans • Natural Features •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 7, 2012, by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. This page has been viewed 483 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on October 7, 2012, by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.