Lexington in Fayette County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
Civil War Action At “Ashland”
October 18, 1862
While Confederate Armies were retreating from Kentucky after the Battle of Perryville, Colonel John Hunt Morgan operated behind the pursuing Union Army, with Colonel Basil W. Duke's Second Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, Colonel Richard M. Gano's Cavalry Battalion and Colonel William Campbell Preston Breckinridge's Cavalry Battalion, along with a two-gun section of artillery under Sergeant C. C. Corbett. Morgan rode from Bryantsville through Lancaster to Gum Springs and Richmond, then toward Lexington.
Scouts having reported that two battalions from the third and forth Ohio Cavalry Regiments were camped in a woodlot behind the Clay Mansion near Lexington and some were in town. Morgan divided his command.
Gango's and Breckinridge's battalions, with the artillery, proceeded across the Kentucky River at Clay's Ferry and approached "Ashland" by way of the Richard Road, Morgan, with Duke's second Kentucky, crossed the river below Clay's Ferry and then took by-roads to the Tates Creek Pike and approached "Ashland" from the south, while directing two companies toward the town of Lexington to arrest any movement of enemy cavalry there.
At dawn, October 18, 1862, Breckinridge's dismounted troopers attached the Ohioans who were camped in the woods ahead in this direction from the Richmond Road
From within Breckinridge's ranks, at the same time, Duke's second Kentucky arrived here, dismounted to the right, and opened fire upon the Ohioans' rear. The Ohioans broke in confusion, those not killed were captured or scattered. Morgan's cousin, Major George Washington Morgan, was mortally wounded nearby; He died at "Hopemont" in Lexington.
Morgan's men captured two companies of the Forth Ohio Cavalry at the Phoenix Hotel and the Courthouse in town. Morgan Paroled 290 captured Union officers and men at the Clay Mansion. His command then left Lexington that afternoon to return to Tennessee.
Confederate Colonel John Hunt Morgan, Commanding
Second Kentucky Cavalry Regiment Colonel Basil W. Duke, Commanding
(Seventh Kentucky Cavalry Regiment)
Colonel Richard M. Gano, Commanding.
(Ninth Kentucky Cavalry Regiment)
Colonel William Campell
Preston Breckinridge, Commanding.
Artillery section (two mountain howitzers)
Sergeant C. C. Corbett, Commanding.
1800 engaged; killed, wounded and missing, unknown.
Third Battalion, Major Charles B. Seidel, Commanding
Fourth Ohio Cavalry Regiment
Companies A, B, C, D, E, G and H, Major Oliver P. Robie, Commanding
294 engaged; 4 killed, 290 captured of whom 24 were wounded
Location. 38° 1.702′ N, 84° 28.757′ W. Marker is in Lexington, Kentucky, in Fayette County. Marker is on Woodspoint Road west of Ashwood Drive, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lexington KY 40502, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Madeline M. Breckinridge / Kentucky Suffrage Leader (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); "Ashland" (about 500 feet away); Henry Clay (about 600 feet away); Ashland / Clay & Abraham Lincoln (about 700 feet away); Ashland Park / Olmsted Brothers In KY (approx. half a mile away); Isaac Murphy Memorial Art Garden (approx. one mile away); Isaac Burns Murphy (approx. one mile away); Isaac Murphy Memorial Art Garden Trailhead (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lexington.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 9, 2012, by Ken Smith of Milan, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 587 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 9, 2012, by Ken Smith of Milan, Tennessee. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.