Park City in Sedgwick County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Indian Treaties of 1865
In October 1865 hundreds of Plains Indians camped on these prairies to negotiate peace with U.S. government officials. Among them were Chiefs Black Kettle and Seven Bulls (Cheyennes), Little Raven and Big Mouth (Arapahos), Rising Sun and Horse's Back (Comanches), Poor Bear (Apache), and Satanta and Satank (Kiowas). Federal commissioners with great prestige among the Indians were General William S. Harney, Jesse H. Leavenworth, Christopher "Kit" Carson, and William Bent.
Both sides wanted to end hostilities on the Plains. The commissioners also hoped to reach an agreement that would make travel on the western trails safer and further restrict Indian lands. Native Americans sought unrestricted hunting grounds and reparation for the Sand Creek Massacre suffered the year before by Black Kettle's band.
The negotiations resulted in treaties that gave the Indians reservation lands south of the Arkansas River and denied them their hunting grounds north to the Platte River. Peace was proclaimed; however, the treaties were never ratified by the U.S. Congress and both sides later charged the other with violating the agreement, resulting in further conflict. There is a monument one mile west.
Erected by Kansas State Historical Society & Kansas Department of Transportation. (Marker
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society marker series.
Location. 37° 47.96′ N, 97° 20.164′ W. Marker is in Park City, Kansas, in Sedgwick County. Marker is on Broadway south of 63rd Street, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6350 North Broadway, Wichita KS 67219, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Chisholm Trail (approx. 2.7 miles away); Bicentennial of the Birth of George Washington (approx. 6 miles away); Morrison Library (approx. 6 miles away); Gene Stephenson's Wichita State University All Americans (approx. 6 miles away); Wichita State University Shockers 1989 NCAA National Champion (approx. 6 miles away); Harry "Hap" Bledsoe (approx. 6 miles away); Virginia H. Farah Foundation (approx. 6 miles away); Ron and Linda Tyler (approx. 6 miles away).
More about this marker. This marker was replaced in 2012 by a blue and yellow state historical marker with the same title but with different text.
Also see . . .
1. Treaty with the Cheyenne and Arapaho,; October 14,1865. (Submitted on November 14, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Treaty with the Apache, Cheyenne, and Arapaho; October 17, 1865. (Submitted on November 14, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Diary of Samuel A. Kingman at Indian Treaty in 1865. (Submitted on November 14, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Peace • Politics • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 14, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 564 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 14, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.