“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
White Pigeon in Saint Joseph County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Conveying Michigan

Michigan Legal Milestone

Michigan Legal Milestone Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, November 19, 2012
1. Michigan Legal Milestone Marker
Inscription. Standing on this site since Andrew Jackson was president of the United States, the building where the White Pigeon Land Office conducted business from 1831 to 1834 is one of the historic treasures of Michigan. From this building, title to much of the land in southwest Michigan was conveyed, made available for settlement by the 1821 Treaty of Chicago with the Pottawatomis and other tribes. Before it closed in 1834, the White Pigeon Land Office conveyed title to nearly 260,000 acres of land in southwest Michigan, including the land where Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo and Battle Creek now stand.

White Pigeon was a frontier boom town in the 1830s, thanks to the Land Office and its position along the Sauk Trail (now U.S. 12), the only road then available for travel southwest from Detroit. The federal government offered the lands in southwest Michigan for $1.25 per acre, and demand was great, fueled by settlers and speculators entering Michigan after the opening of the Erie Canal.

The legal record of the chain of title to property conveyed out of the state's little land offices was critical to the rapid but orderly growth of Michigan, which achieved statehood in 1837.

The oldest building in southwest Michigan and one of the oldest in the state, the White Pigeon Land Office is listed on the National Register of Historic
U.S. Land Survey Office image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, November 19, 2012
2. U.S. Land Survey Office
Erected 1996 by State Bar of Michigan and St. Joseph County Bar Association. (Marker Number 23.)
Location. 41° 47.879′ N, 85° 38.634′ W. Marker is in White Pigeon, Michigan, in Saint Joseph County. Marker is at the intersection of West Chicago Road and South Washington Street, on the right when traveling east on West Chicago Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 113 W Chicago Rd, White Pigeon MI 49099, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. U.S. Land Survey Office (here, next to this marker); Chief Wahbememe Burial Site (approx. one mile away); In Memory of Wahbememe (approx. one mile away); White Pigeon Fallen Soldiers Memorial (approx. one mile away); Constantine Tribute to Veterans of All Wars (approx. 3 miles away); Constantine Civil War Monument (approx. 3 miles away); Constantine United Methodist Church (approx. 3.2 miles away); William Meek (approx. 3.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in White Pigeon.
More about this marker. The Michigan Legal Milestone program of the State Bar of Michigan recognizes significant legal cases and personalities in the state's history, and places bronze plaques at
U.S. Land Survey Office image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, November 19, 2012
3. U.S. Land Survey Office
Legal Milestone marker is located next to the State marker
featured sites to document the historical significance.
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 10, 2012, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 269 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 10, 2012, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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