Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Burials occurred here between August 1861 and April 1865. Most of the soldiers died in one of Richmond’s many hospitals. Those in the eastern end of the city, Chimborazo and Howard’s Grove, were two of the three busiest hospitals in Richmond. Chimborazo treated more patients than any other hospital in the world. More than 75 men a day were buried here in 1862 for several weeks after the Seven Day’s Battles.
No nationally famous men are interred here: no generals, only a handful of field officers, and a few hundred commissioned officers. More than 95 percent of those buried here were privates, making this a vast memorial to the “common soldier” of the Army of Northern Virginia. In 1862, a Richmond newspaper predicted that Oakwood “will become the Mecca of all visitors …there is hardly any resident of the Confederate states who will not be able to recognize … one whom they have known in happier, if not better, days.”
When Richmond's first municipal cemetery, Shockoe Hill, began to fill up in the 1850s, the city acquired 66 acres here in 1854. The first burials occurred in 1858. Today, Oakwood Cemetery encompasses 176 acres.
On April 14, 1866, local women formed the “Ladles Memorial Association for the Confederate Dead in Oakwood Cemetery.” They held Richmond’s first Confederate memorial day commemoration here on May 10, 1866. Gen. Robert E. Lee declined their invitation to attend, but wrote that “the graves of the Confederate dead will always be green in my memory, and their deeds be hallowed in my recollection.” For decades, the association maintained the Confederate section, placed painted wooden headboards at each grave, erected a commemorative obelisk, and conducted well-attended annual exercises on Confederate Memorial Day. The Sons of Confederate Veterans has managed the Confederate section since 2009.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Sons of Confederate Veterans/United Confederate Veterans, and the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 37° 32.045′ N, 77° 23.716′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker can be Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Richmond VA 23223, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Oakwood Cemetery Confederate Section (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Burying Ground – For Colored Paupers (approx. 0.4 miles away); Evergreen Cemetery (approx. 0.4 miles away); Nine Mile Road (approx. 0.9 miles away); Dabbs House (approx. 0.9 miles away); The Dabb House (approx. 0.9 miles away); Chimborazo Hospital (approx. one mile away); Richmond's Civil War Hospitals (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
Categories. • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 14, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 645 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 14, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 3. submitted on November 2, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 4. submitted on May 10, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.