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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Judiciary Square in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Building Out the Square

Civil War to Civil Rights

 

—Downtown Heritage Trail —

 
Building Out the Square Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
1. Building Out the Square Marker
Inscription. (Front):
The great depression (1929-1941) meant economic catastrophe for millions of Americans, but in Washington it meant a building boom as the Federal Government staffed up to the end the economic crisis. In 1931 alone Congress approved new government buildings and schools, street paving, bridges, and sewers Thousands found badly needed work.

By this time, the Old City Hall/Courthouse had lost most of its DC government functions. The city's commissioners, police and fire chiefs, and engineers had moved to the 1908 District Building (now the John A. Wilson Building) on Pennsylvania Avenue. But as the city needed more offices, planners looked again at Judiciary Square.

By 1943, the Judiciary Square courthouses and offices you can see from here were complete. Municipal architect Nathan C. Wyeth designed the 1941 Art Deco style Municipal Center across Indiana Avenue for the police and fire departments' headquarters and other agencies.

For Judiciary Square, Wyeth designed three courthouses to harmonize with the Old City Hall; the Juvenile Court at 409 E. Street, and the Police and Municipal Courts framing today's National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial.

One Judiciary Square, across Fourth Street, became DC's city hall between 1992 and 2001, while the District Building on Pennsylvania Avenue underwent
The Washington Area Law Enforcement Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 5, 2012
2. The Washington Area Law Enforcement Memorial
adjacent to the former "Municipal Building" - headquarters of the Metropolitan DC Police Department - re-named the "Henry J. Daly Building" in honor of Detective Sgt. Henry J. Daly who was killed in a shootout inside the building in 1994.
renovation. In 2007, as part of Mayor Adrian Fenty's "Greening the District" program, the building received a green roof.

The Francis Perkins U.S. Department of Labor building, ahead of you along D Street, honors President Franklin D. Roosevelt's secretary of labor, the first woman Cabinet member and the principal architect of the Social Security Acct and other worker protections.

(Back):
The Civil War (1861 - 1865) transformed Washington, DC from a muddy backwater to a center of national power. Ever since, the city has been at the heart of the continuing struggle to realize fully the ideas for which the war was fought. The 25 signs that mark this trail follow the footsteps of Abraham Lincoln, Walt Whitman, Clara Barton, Frederick Douglas, and others, famous and humble, who shaped a nation and its capital city while living and working in historic downtown DC.

Civil War to Civil Rights Downtown Heritage Trail is an Official Washington, DC Walking Trail. The self-guided tour consists of three distinct loops: West, Center, and East. Each one-mile loop offers about an hour of gentle exercise.

A free booklet capturing the trail's highlights is available at local businesses and institutions along the way. To download the free Civil War to Civil Rights Audio Tour, and learn about other DC neighborhoods, please visit www.CuturalTourismDC.org.
Back of Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
3. Back of Marker

 
Erected 2012 by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number e.5.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Civil War to Civil Rights marker series.
 
Location. 38° 53.701′ N, 77° 0.977′ W. Marker is in Judiciary Square, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is at the intersection of 4th Street and Indiana Avenue, on the right when traveling south on 4th Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20001, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Albert Pike Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Sitting in Judgment (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); A Courthouse Reborn (about 500 feet away); National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial (about 700 feet away); Washington City Spring (about 700 feet away); Senator Daniel Webster (approx. 0.2 miles away); Daniel Webster (approx. 0.2 miles away); Discover DC / Judiciary Square (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Judiciary Square.
 
Additional keywords. Sgt. Henry J. Daly Building
 
Categories. GovernmentHeroesNotable Buildings
 
Municipal Building under Construction image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
4. Municipal Building under Construction
Row Houses image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
5. Row Houses
These rowhouses once occupied the site of One Judiciary Square.
Architect and Commissioners image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
6. Architect and Commissioners
(top) DC municipal architect Nathan Wyeth, center, explains the new Municipal Center's switchboard, 1941. At right, commissioners inspect the new Cosmetology Operators Examination Room.
Labor Secretary Frances Perkins image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
7. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins
Labor Secretary Francis Perkins, with Sen. Hugo Black, left, and Rep. William P. Connery, Jr., testified to Congress in favor of abolishing child labor, June 1937.
Department of Labor Building Renamed image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
8. Department of Labor Building Renamed
President Jimmy Carter renames the Department of Labor building to honor Frances Perkins, 1980.
Municipal Building image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
9. Municipal Building
The line at the Municipal Building to buy new automobile license plates, 1943.
Map of Civil War to Civil Rights Trail image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
10. Map of Civil War to Civil Rights Trail
Building Out the Square Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
11. Building Out the Square Marker
DC Municipal Building image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 23, 2012
12. DC Municipal Building
Plaque on the fountain at the DC Area Police Memorial, 1984 image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 5, 2012
13. Plaque on the fountain at the DC Area Police Memorial, 1984
Main entrance to the "Henry J. Daly Building," 300 Irving Street, NW image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, August 5, 2012
14. Main entrance to the "Henry J. Daly Building," 300 Irving Street, NW
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 10, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 29, 2012, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 582 times since then and 40 times this year. Last updated on December 14, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1. submitted on April 29, 2012, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on December 14, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on April 29, 2012, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   13, 14. submitted on December 14, 2012, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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