Near Jeffrey City in Fremont County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
Because of its unique shape, Split Rock was a well known trail landmark and navigation aid. Emigrants were guided by the rock for an entire day's travel from the east. It remained in view behind them for another two days. From Split Rock, it was about six days to South Pass, the gateway to the Great Salt Lake Valley, California's gold fields and the Pacific Northwest.
Emigrants on the Oregon and the Mormon Pioneer Trails coming from Devil's Gate, 12 miles east, often camped below this point on the Sweetwater River where good grass and water were available for stock. West of here, ruts carved in the rocks by iron wheeled wagons are still visible. Generally, Mormon emigrants tried to stay on the opposite side of the river from the main trail to avoid confrontations with other also heading West.
In 1844, James Clyman recorded this in his journal about this spot.
"(August) 17. Smokey But the sun rose over the Eastern mountains in its usual majesty. Some recent Signs of a war party of Indians ware discovered yestarddy which caused some uneasiness...roled up the Stream on the South Side...the
Erected by Bureau of Land Management.
Marker series. This marker is included in the California Trail, the Mormon Pioneer Trail, and the Oregon Trail marker series.
Location. 42° 27.221′ N, 107° 32.767′ W. Marker is near Jeffrey City, Wyoming, in Fremont County. Marker can be reached from U.S. 287 one mile west of California Emigrant Rd, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is located at a BLM interpretive pullout on the north side of US Route 287 approx. 16 miles east of Jeffrey City and approx. 8 miles northwest of State Route 220. Marker is in this post office area: Jeffrey City WY 82310, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wild Horses (here, next to this marker); Trails to Opportunity (here, next to this marker); Split Rock Meadows (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Split Rock (within shouting Pony Express (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Split Rock (approx. 3.2 miles away); Muddy Gap (approx. 8.2 miles away).
Categories. • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 23, 2012, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 499 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 23, 2012, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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