Tipton in Moniteau County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Butterﬁeld Overland Mail Terminus
Historic town in the annals of western transportation, Tipton, in 1858-59, was the eastern stagecoach terminus of the famous Butterfield Overland Mail. N.Y. expressman John Butterfield (1801-69), under contract to carry mail and passengers between St. Louis and San Francisco over the Southern Route on a twice-a-week, 25-day schedule, used Tipton as stage terminus because the Pacific R. R. (Mo. Pac.), completed to this point, could be used for the first 160 miles.
The first westbound mail and passengers carried by Butterfield stage left Tipton, Sept. 16, 1858, and arrived in San Francisco 24 days later after traveling some 2,700 miles across rivers, deserts, mountains, and through hostile Indian territory. At one time Butterfield had 1,500 horses and mules, 100 coaches, relay stations about 20 miles apart, and, at the peak, 2,000 employees.
Tipton was replaced as terminus when the railroad reached nearby Syracuse in the summer of 1859. In 1861, because of the Civil War, traffic was transferred from the Southern to the Central Route.
(See other side)
Butterfield coaches traveled south from Tipton to Arkansas
making stops at the following relay stations in Missouri:
Relay Station • Nearest Town Today • County
Shackelford's • Syracuse • Morgan
Munhollen's • Florence • Morgan
Burn's • Cole Camp • Benton
Warsaw • Warsaw • Benton
Bailey's • Fairfield • Benton
Quincy • Quincy • Hickory
Yoast's • Elkton • Hickory
Bolivar • Bolivar • Polk
J. H. Smith's • N. of Brighton • Polk
Molloy's • S. of Brighton • Polk
Evans' • N. of Springfield • Greene
Springfield • Springfield • Greene
Ashmore's • N. W. corner of • Christian
J. I. Smith's • N. E. corner of • Barry
Crouch's • Cassville • Barry
Cassville (not a relay station but a stop)
Harbin's • Seligman • Barry
Tipton was laid out by William Tipton Seeley, 1858, shortly before it became the Butterfield Overland Mail terminus. Near Tipton is the State Training School for Negro Girls, opened, 1916.
Erected 1955 by State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Butterfield Overland Mail, and the Missouri, State Historical Society of marker series.
Location. 38° 39.182′ N, 92° 47.185′ W. Touch for map. Marker is at a roadside turnout. Marker is at or near this postal address: 331 U.S. Highway 50, Tipton MO 65081, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. William Tipton Seely (approx. half a mile away); Site of First St. Andrew Catholic Church (approx. 0.7 miles away); Butterfield Overland Mail in Missouri - 1858-1861 (approx. 4.9 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Butterfield Overland Mail through Tipton MO. (Submitted on January 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Butterfield Overland Mail. (Submitted on January 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Photo of Industrial School for Negro Girls, Tipton MO (1909-1944). (Submitted on January 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • African Americans • Communications • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 358 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.