Chaptico in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Prosperous Port Town
Raided by British, July 1814
Conflicting Portrayals of the War of 1812
125 years later, the British feigned and advance up the Potomac River to disguise their advance on Washington, D.C. As they sailed up the Potomac, sailors came ashore to plunder plantations and destroy property, terrorizing the citizens of this young nation.
On July 30, 1814, the British landed at Chaptico's wharf and marched to Christ Church. Two different versions are told of their visit.
...[The British] conduct would have disgraced cannibals; the houses were torn to pieces, the well which afforded water for the inhabitants was filled up. --- What was still worse, the Church & the Ashes
"...we marched and took quiet possession of [Chaptico] without opposition. I remain all day quietly in Chaptico whist the boats shipped off tobacco which was found there in considerable quantity, and at night reembarked without molestation. I visited many house[s] in different parts of the country we passed through, the owners of which were living quietly with their families and seeming to consider themselves and the whole neighborhood as being entirely at my disposal. I caused no further inconvenience to [them], than obliging them to furnish supplies of cattle and
"... took possession of Chaptico -- where some ladies who had heard of our good behavior [sic] at Leonards Town remained -- and sang an[d] played the piano. We took from thence 70 Hhds [hogsheads] of tobacco, some flour, & military stores but preserved their houses [and] purchased from them stock and various articles of provisions. The men all fled, but the Ladies remained to see the wonderful Admrl. Cockburn and the British folks." -- Captain Robert Rowley report to his superiors, August, 1814.
King and Queen Episcopal Parish was organized in 1692,and the church built in 1736. It is a good example of the Georgian architectural style, inspired by the work of Sir Christopher Wren. Plan books showing the features of Wrens buildings were available in England, and this style flourished in Maryland throughout the 18th century.
The symmetry of the arched windows, and the elaborate cornice detailing (where the exterior walls meet the roof) are typical of the Georgian style. Christ Church is detailed with the Flemish bond brick pattern ,which is typical of early St. Mary's county buildings.
This church was built with taxes collected from all citizens Anglican or not, by Maryland's Provincial
Location. 38° 21.963′ N, 76° 47.035′ W. Marker is in Chaptico, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Budd's Creek Road and Maddox Road. Marker is in front of Christ Church near the intersection of Maddox Road (MD 238) and Budd's Creek Road (MD 234). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chaptico MD 20621, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Christ Church King and Queen Parish (here, next to this marker); Chaptico (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Chaptico (approx. 0.2 miles away); "Deep Falls" (approx. 1½ miles away); Forest Hall (approx. 5 miles away); Extending the Rail (approx. 5.4 miles away); Tobacco Barns (approx. 5.4 miles away); Village of Mechanicsville (approx. 5.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chaptico.
Also see . . . Christ Episcopal Church. Maryland Inventory of Historical Properties (Submitted on January 20, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.)
Categories. • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Churches & Religion • Colonial Era • War of 1812 •
More. Search the internet for Prosperous Port Town.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 20, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 416 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on January 20, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.